Antibody class switching: uncoupling S region accessibility from transcription
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology
Acetylation; Animals; Cytidine Deaminase; Histones; Humans; Immunoglobulin Class Switching; Immunoglobulin Switch Region; RNA Polymerase II; Transcription, Genetic
Genetics and Genomics | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Immunogloblin class switch recombination (CSR) is a regulated process that changes antibody effector functions. Recently, Nambu et al. showed that histone acetylation is induced at switch (S) regions undergoing CSR; however, histone acetylation without accompanying S region transcription is insufficient to attract activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), which is required for CSR. They also show that AID can associate with RNA polymerase II. These results support the model that germline transcripts are required to form single-stranded DNA, the AID substrate and further suggest that AID is recruited to S regions by the transcriptional machinery.
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Citation: Trends Genet. 2004 Aug;20(8):337-40. Link to article on publisher's site