An electronic menstrual cycle calendar: comparison of data quality with a paper version
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Computers; *Electronics; Female; Humans; *Menstrual Cycle; Menstruation; Paper; Patient Satisfaction; Pilot Projects; Quality Control; Records
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Women's Studies
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study compared a prototype electronic menstrual calendar on a handheld computer with a paper calendar for data quality and participants' perceptions.
DESIGN: Twenty-three women completed identical information about menstrual bleeding and symptoms using paper and electronic calendars for 1 month each.
RESULTS: Use of the paper calendar resulted in more missing data than the electronic calendar for bleeding characteristics (13% vs. 4%) and symptoms (35% vs. 4%). The electronic calendar's ability to log data entries revealed retrospective entry for 61% of the data. Total data entry and cleaning time was reduced by 81% with the electronic calendar. Overall, participants preferred the electronic (70%) to the paper (22%) calendar.
CONCLUSIONS: Data quality with conventional paper calendars may be poorer than recognized. The data-logging feature, unique to the electronic calendar, is critical for assessing data quality. Electronic menstrual calendars can be useful data collection tools for research in women's health.
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Citation: Menopause. 2000 May-Jun;7(3):200-8.
Johannes, Catherine B.; Crawford, Sybil L.; Woods, Judith; Goldstein, Robert B.; Tran, Dinh; Mehrotra, Sandhya; Johnson, Kevin B.; and Santoro, Nanette, "An electronic menstrual cycle calendar: comparison of data quality with a paper version" (2000). Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications. 17.