Title

Confirmatory analysis of opinions regarding the pros and cons of mammography

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology

Date

9-1997

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Breast Neoplasms; Decision Support Techniques; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Mammography; Mass Screening; Middle Aged; *Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Washington

Disciplines

Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Women's Studies

Abstract

This investigation extends prior research to apply decision-making constructs from the transtheoretical model (TTM) of behavior change to mammography screening. Study subjects were 8,914 women ages 50-80, recruited from 40 primarily rural communities in Washington State. Structural equation modeling showed that favorable and unfavorable opinions about mammography (i.e., pros and cons) fit the observed data. Analysis of variance supported the associations between readiness to obtain screening (i.e., stage of adoption) and opinions about mammography (i.e., decisional balance) previously found in research using smaller samples from another geographic region. This report extends these earlier studies by using structural equation modeling, opinion scales based both on principal component analyses and on a priori definitions, a developmental sample and a confirmatory sample, and by sampling from a different geographic region. It is recommended that future research examine whether opinions regarding the cons of mammography are more individually specific than the pros.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Health Psychol. 1997 Sep;16(5):433-41.

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID

9302540