Mechanistic studies of agmatine deiminase from multiple bacterial species
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Medical Subject Headings
Bacterial Proteins; Helicobacter pylori; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Hydrolases; Porphyromonas gingivalis; Protons; Streptococcus mutans
Biochemistry | Enzymes and Coenzymes | Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry | Therapeutics
One subfamily of guanidino group-modifying enzymes (GMEs) consists of the agmatine deiminases (AgDs). These enzymes catalyze the conversion of agmatine (decarboxylated arginine) to N-carbamoyl putrescine and ammonia. In plants, viruses, and bacteria, these enzymes are thought to be involved in energy production, biosynthesis of polyamines, and biofilm formation. In particular, we are interested in the role that this enzyme plays in pathogenic bacteria. Previously, we reported the initial kinetic characterization of the agmatine deiminase from Helicobacter pylori and described the synthesis and characterization the two most potent AgD inactivators. Herein, we have expanded our initial efforts to characterize the catalytic mechanisms of AgD from H. pylori as well as Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Through the use of pH rate profiles, pK(a) measurements of the active site cysteine, solvent isotope effects, and solvent viscosity effects, we have determined that the AgDs, like PADs 1 and 4, utilize a reverse protonation mechanism.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: Biochemistry. 2010 Nov 2;49(43):9413-23. doi: 10.1021/bi101405y. Link to article on publisher's site
Jones, Justin E.; Dreyton, Christina J.; Flick, Heather; Causey, Corey P.; and Thompson, Paul R., "Mechanistic studies of agmatine deiminase from multiple bacterial species" (2010). Thompson Lab Publications. 56.