Title

Genetics and Genomics of Longitudinal Lung Function Patterns in Individuals with Asthma

UMMS Affiliation

Program in Systems Biology; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology

Date

12-15-2016

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Genetics and Genomics | Pulmonology | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Systems Biology

Abstract

RATIONALE: Patterns of longitudinal lung function growth and decline in childhood asthma have been shown to be important in determining risk for future respiratory ailments including chronic airway obstruction and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the genetic underpinnings of lung function patterns in subjects with childhood asthma.

METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study of 581 non-Hispanic white individuals with asthma that were previously classified by patterns of lung function growth and decline (normal growth, normal growth with early decline, reduced growth, and reduced growth with early decline). The strongest association was also measured in two additional cohorts: a small asthma cohort and a large chronic obstructive pulmonary disease metaanalysis cohort. Interaction between the genomic region encompassing the most strongly associated single-nucleotide polymorphism and nearby genes was assessed by two chromosome conformation capture assays.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: An intergenic single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs4445257) on chromosome 8 was strongly associated with the normal growth with early decline pattern compared with all other pattern groups (P = 6.7 x 10-9; odds ratio, 2.8; 95% confidence interval, 2.0-4.0); replication analysis suggested this variant had opposite effects in normal growth with early decline and reduced growth with early decline pattern groups. Chromosome conformation capture experiments indicated a chromatin interaction between rs4445257 and the promoter of the distal CSMD3 gene.

CONCLUSIONS: Early decline in lung function after normal growth is associated with a genetic polymorphism that may also protect against early decline in reduced growth groups.

Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT00000575).

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Dec 15;194(12):1465-1474. Link to article on publisher's site

Comments

Full list of authors omitted for brevity. For full list see article.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Keywords

CSMD3, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, genome-wide association studies, longitudinal lung function patterns

Journal Title

American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine

PubMed ID

27367781