Genetics and Genomics of Longitudinal Lung Function Patterns in Individuals with Asthma
Program in Systems Biology; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Genetics and Genomics | Pulmonology | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Systems Biology
RATIONALE: Patterns of longitudinal lung function growth and decline in childhood asthma have been shown to be important in determining risk for future respiratory ailments including chronic airway obstruction and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the genetic underpinnings of lung function patterns in subjects with childhood asthma.
METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study of 581 non-Hispanic white individuals with asthma that were previously classified by patterns of lung function growth and decline (normal growth, normal growth with early decline, reduced growth, and reduced growth with early decline). The strongest association was also measured in two additional cohorts: a small asthma cohort and a large chronic obstructive pulmonary disease metaanalysis cohort. Interaction between the genomic region encompassing the most strongly associated single-nucleotide polymorphism and nearby genes was assessed by two chromosome conformation capture assays.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: An intergenic single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs4445257) on chromosome 8 was strongly associated with the normal growth with early decline pattern compared with all other pattern groups (P = 6.7 x 10-9; odds ratio, 2.8; 95% confidence interval, 2.0-4.0); replication analysis suggested this variant had opposite effects in normal growth with early decline and reduced growth with early decline pattern groups. Chromosome conformation capture experiments indicated a chromatin interaction between rs4445257 and the promoter of the distal CSMD3 gene.
CONCLUSIONS: Early decline in lung function after normal growth is associated with a genetic polymorphism that may also protect against early decline in reduced growth groups.
Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT00000575).
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Citation: Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Dec 15;194(12):1465-1474. Link to article on publisher's site
CSMD3, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, genome-wide association studies, longitudinal lung function patterns
American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
McGeachie, Michael J.; Lajoie, Bryan R.; Dekker, Job; and CAMP Research Group, "Genetics and Genomics of Longitudinal Lung Function Patterns in Individuals with Asthma" (2016). Program in Systems Biology Publications and Presentations. 94.