The Department of Surgery of the University of Massachusetts Medical School is an academic surgical program located in Worcester, Massachusetts. Clinical care encompasses the three main campuses of UMass Memorial Medical Center (University, Memorial, and Hahnemann), as well as affiliated hospitals. The department is committed to providing state-of-the-art surgical care to patients from throughout the New England region. In addition, this busy and growing department is actively involved with advancing the art of surgery, through research focused on new approaches to patient care, as well as surgical training and education of the next generation of surgeons. This collection showcases journal articles and other publications and presentations written by faculty and researchers of the Department of Surgery.

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Publications from 2015

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Variations in the implementation of acute care surgery: results from a national survey of university-affiliated hospitals, Heena Santry, John C. Madore, Courtney E. Collins, M. Didem Ayturk, George C. Velmahos, L. D. Britt, and Catarina I. Kiefe

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Quadrimodal distribution of death after trauma suggests that critical injury is a potentially terminal disease, Heena Santry, Charles M. Psoinos, Christopher J. Wilbert, Julie Flahive, Aimee Kroll, Timothy A. Emhoff, and Catarina I. Kiefe

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Follow-up compliance after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in Medicare beneficiaries, Andres Schanzer, Louis M. Messina, Kaushik Ghosh, Jessica P. Simons, William P. Robinson III, Francesco A. Aiello, Robert J. Goldberg, and Allison B. Rosen

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Statin therapy after infrainguinal bypass surgery for critical limb ischemia is associated with improved 5-year survival, Bjoern D. Suckow, Larry W. Kraiss, Andres Schanzer, David H. Stone, Jeffrey A. Kalish, Randall R. DeMartino, Jack L. Cronenwett, and Philip P. Goodney

Publications from 2014

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Outcomes reported by the Vascular Quality Initiative and the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program are not comparable, Francesco A. Aiello, Bing Shue, Nisha Kini, Amy K. Rosen, Louis M. Messina, William P. Robinson III, Philimon Gona, and Andres Schanzer

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Institutional differences in carotid artery duplex diagnostic criteria result in significant variability in classification of carotid artery stenoses and likely lead to disparities in care, Edward J. Arous, Donald T. Baril, William P. Robinson III, Francesco A. Aiello, Nathanael D. Hevelone, Elias J. Arous, Louis M. Messina, and Andres Schanzer

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Electronic medical record: research tool for pancreatic cancer, Edward J. Arous, Theodore P. McDade, Jillian K. Smith, Sing Chau Ng, Mary E. Sullivan, Ralph J. Zottola, Paul J. Ranauro, Shimul A. Shah, Giles F. Whalen, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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Effect of preinjury warfarin use on outcomes after head trauma in Medicare beneficiaries, Courtney E. Collins, Elan R. Witkowski, Julie Flahive, Frederick A. Anderson Jr., and Heena Santry

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Surgeon volume and elective resection for colon cancer: an analysis of outcomes and use of laparoscopy, Rachelle N. Damle, Christopher W. Macomber, Julie M. Flahive, Jennifer S. Davids, W. Brian Sweeney, Paul R. Sturrock, Justin A. Maykel, Heena P. Santry, and Karim Alavi

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The influence of gender on functional outcomes of lower extremity bypass, Reshma P. Duffy, Julie E. Adams, Peter W. Callas, Andres Schanzer, Philip P. Goodney, Michael A. Ricci, Jack L. Cronenwett, and Daniel J. Bertges

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Factors that determine the length of stay after carotid endarterectomy represent opportunities to avoid financial losses, Julia Glaser, David Kuwayama, David Stone, Andres Schanzer, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, Richard Powell, Andrew Stanley, and Brian Nolan

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Fifteen-Year Trends in Lower Limb Amputation, Revascularization, and Preventive Measures Among Medicare Patients, Philip P. Goodney, Massimo Tarulli, Adrienne E. Faerber, Andres Schanzer, and Robert M. Zwolak

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Human type I pancreatic elastase treatment of arteriovenous fistulas in patients with chronic kidney disease, Robert J. Hye, Eric K. Peden, Timothy P. O'Connor, Barry J. Browne, Bradley S. Dixon, Andres Schanzer, Stephen C. Jensik, Laura M. Dember, Michael R. Jaff, and Steven K. Burke

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The Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Threatened Limb Classification System: risk stratification based on wound, ischemia, and foot infection (WIfI), Joseph L. Mills Sr., Michael S. Conte, David G. Armstrong, Frank B. Pomposelli, Andres Schanzer, Anton N. Sidawy, George Andros, and Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Guidelines Committee

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The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Inpatient Quality Indicator #11 overall mortality rate does not accurately assess mortality risk after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, William P. Robinson III, Wei Huang, Amy K. Rosen, Andres Schanzer, Hua (Julia) Fang, Frederick A. Anderson Jr., and Louis M. Messina

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Rates of insurance for injured patients before and after health care reform in Massachusetts: a possible case of double jeopardy, Heena Santry, Courtney E. Collins, Jason T. Wiseman, Charles M. Psoinos, Julie Flahive, and Catarina I. Kiefe

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A qualitative analysis of acute care surgery in the United States: it's more than just "a competent surgeon with a sharp knife and a willing attitude", Heena Santry, Patricia L. Pringle, Courtney E. Collins, and Catarina I. Kiefe

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Reply: To PMID 23910457, Jessica P. Simons and Andres Schanzer

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Outcomes of carotid endarterectomy versus stenting in comparable medical risk patients, Emily L. Spangler, Philip P. Goodney, Andres Schanzer, David H. Stone, Marc L. Schermerhorn, Richard J. Powell, Jack L. Cronenwett, and Brian W. Nolan

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Routine use of completion imaging after infrainguinal bypass is not associated with higher bypass graft patency, Tze-Woei Tan, Denis Rybin, Jeffrey A. Kalish, Gheorghe Doros, Naomi Hamburg, Andres Schanzer, Jack L. Cronenwett, and Alik Farber

Publications from 2013

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A contemporary comparative analysis of immediate postoperative prosthesis placement following below-knee amputation, Mujtaba M Ali, Lorraine Loretz, Art Shea, Eli Poorvu, William P. Robinson III, Andres Schanzer, Louis M. Messina, and Donald T. Baril

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Outcomes of lower extremity bypass performed for acute limb ischemia, Donald T. Baril, Virendra I. Patel, Dejah R. Judelson, Philip P. Goodney, James T. McPhee, Nathanael D. Hevelone, Jack L. Cronenwett, Andres Schanzer, and Vascular Study Group of New England

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Skin perfusion and oxygenation changes in radiation fibrosis, Michael S. Chin, Brian B. Freniere, Caitlin F. Bonney, Luca Lancerotto, Jonathan H. Saleeby, Yuan-Chyuan Lo, Dennis P. Orgill, Thomas J. Fitzgerald, and Janice F. Lalikos

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Cavitation rheology as a potential method for in vivo assessment of skin biomechanics, Michael S. Chin, Brian B. Freniere, Sami Fakhouri, John E. Harris, Janice F. Lalikos, and Alfred J. Crosby

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Impact of Pre-Injury Warfarin Use Among Medicare Beneficiaries With Head Trauma, Courtney E. Collins, Elan R. Witkowski, Julie M. Flahive, Timothy A. Emhoff, Frederick A. Anderson Jr., and Heena P. Santry

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Management of a patient with Turner syndrome presenting with an isolated left subclavian artery aneurysm, Jesse Columbo, Jessica P. Simons, Donald T. Baril, and Andres Schanzer

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Hyperspectral Perfusion Monitoring of Irradiated Breast Patients, Nikole M. Connor, Michael S. Chin, Jonathan H. Saleeby, Yuan-Chyuan Lo, Janice F. Lalikos, and Thomas J. Fitzgerald

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En bloc tibial thrombectomy, Rachelle N. Damle, Hossein Bagshahi, and Donald T. Baril

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Efficacy of Intraoperative Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Monitoring: A Single-Institutions’ Experience, Rashelle N. Damle, Kate Dinh, Anne C. Larkin, Robert M. Quinlan, and Giles F. Whalen

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A New Look at the Volume and Outcome Relationship in Surgery for Colorectal Cancer, Rashelle N. Damle, Christopher W. Macomber, Julie M. Flahive, Justin A. Maykel, Paul R. Sturrock, W. Brian Sweeney, Heena P. Santry, and Karim Alavi

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Designation as "unfit for open repair" is associated with poor outcomes after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair, Randall R. De Martino, Benjamin S. Brooke, William P. Robinson III, Andres Schanzer, Jeffrey E. Indes, Jessica B. Wallaert, Brian W. Nolan, Jack L. Cronenwett, and Philip P. Goodney

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Volume Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) for pulmonary Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with lesions in close approximation to the chest wall, Linda Ding, Yuan-Chyuan Lo, Sidney P. Kadish, David C. Goff Jr., Richard S. Pieters, Geoffrey Graeber, Karl Uy, Syed Quadri, Richard P. Moser, Kevin Martin, John Day, and Thomas J. Fitzgerald

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Increased risk of mucinous neoplasm of the appendix in adults undergoing interval appendectomy, Matthew J. Furman, Mitchell A. Cahan, Philip Cohen, and Laura A. Lambert

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Rational follow-up after curative cancer resection, Matthew J. Furman, Laura A. Lambert, Mary E. Sullivan, and Giles F. Whalen

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alpha1,3Galactosyltransferase knockout pigs produce the natural anti-Gal antibody and simulate the evolutionary appearance of this antibody in primates, Uri Galili

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Anti-Gal: An abundant human natural antibody of multiple pathogeneses and clinical benefits, Uri Galili

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Discovery of the natural anti-Gal antibody and its past and future relevance to medicine, Uri Galili

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Variation in smoking cessation after vascular operations, Andrew W. Hoel, Brian W. Nolan, Philip P. Goodney, Yuanyuan Zhao, Andres Schanzer, Andrew C. Stanley, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, Jack L. Cronenwett, and Vascular Study Group of New England

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Growing impact of restenosis on the surgical treatment of peripheral arterial disease, Douglas W. Jones, Andres Schanzer, Yuanyuan Zhao, Todd A. MacKenzie, Brian W. Nolan, Michael S. Conte, Philip P. Goodney, and Vascular Study Group of New England

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Mechanisms of action of External Volume Expansion devices, Luca Lancerotto, Michael S. Chin, Brian B. Freniere, Jorge R. Lujan-Hernandez, Qiong Li, Alessandro Valderrama Vasquez, Franco Bassetto, Daniel A. Del Vecchio, Janice F. Lalikos, and Dennis P. Orgill

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Transdermal scopolamine and perioperative anisocoria in craniofacial surgery: a report of 3 patients, David Lee, Nelson L. Jenkins, Alexandra J. Anastasopulos, A. George Volpe, Bernard T. Lee, and Janice F. Lalikos

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Expression of ITGB8 in Epicardial Adipose Tissue is Highly and Directly Correlated with the Severity of Coronary Atherosclerosis, Nancy Lee, Sarah M. Nicoloro, Juerg R. Straubhaar, Melinda Darrigo, Stanley Tam, Michael P. Czech, and Timothy P. Fitzgibbons

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Expression of the Integrin Beta 8 Gene (ITGB8) in Epicardial Adipose Tissue is Highly and Directly Correlated with the Degree of Coronary Atherosclerosis, Nancy Lee, Sarah M. Nicoloro, Juerg R. Straubhaar, Melinda Darrigo, Stanley Tam, Michael P. Czech, and Timothy P. Fitzgibbons

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A technique of recipient portal venoplasty and cuff insertion for portal revascularization in orthotopic rat liver transplantation, Christopher W. Macomber and Shimul A. Shah

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Progenitor cell mobilizing treatments prevent experimental transplant arteriosclerosis, Christopher W. Macomber and Shimul A. Shah

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Distal anastomotic vein adjunct usage in infrainguinal prosthetic bypasses, James T. McPhee, Philip P. Goodney, Andres Schanzer, Shimon Shaykevich, Michael Belkin, and Matthew T. Menard

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Frequency and Impact of Intensive Care Unit Complications on Moderate-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury – Early Results of the Outcome Prognostication in Traumatic Brain Injury (OPTIMISM) Study, Susanne Muehlschlegel, Raphael A. Carandang, Cynthia Ouillette, Wiley R. Hall, Frederick Anderson, and Robert J. Goldberg

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AIRP best cases in radiologic-pathologic correlation: lactating adenoma, Allyson N. Parnes, Ali Akalin, Robert M. Quinlan, and Gopal R. Vijayaraghavan

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Outcomes in octogenarians with subdural hematomas, Julie G. Pilitsis, Britney Atwater, Daniel Warden, Gina Deck, James E. Carroll Jr., Jillian K. Smith, Sing Chau Ng, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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Utilization of morning report by acute care surgery teams: results from a qualitative study, Patricia L. Pringle, Courtney E. Collins, and Heena Santry

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Contemporary trends in necrotizing soft-tissue infections in the United States, Charles M. Psoinos, Julie M. Flahive, Joshua J. Shaw, YouFu Li, Sing Chau Ng, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Heena P. Santry

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A Mycobacterium bovis Mycotic Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Resulting From Bladder Cancer Treatment, Resection, and Reconstruction With a Cryopreserved Aortic Graft, Charles M. Psoinos, Jessica P. Simons, Donald T. Baril, William P. Robinson III, and Andres Schanzer

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Is routine intraoperative cholangiogram necessary in the twenty-first century? A national view, Elizaveta Ragulin Coyne, Elan R. Witkowski, Zeling Chau, Sing Chau Ng, Heena P. Santry, Mark P. Callery, Shimul A. Shah, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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National trends in pancreaticoduodenal trauma: interventions and outcomes, Elizaveta Ragulin-Coyne, Elan R. Witkowski, Zeling Chau, Daniel Wemple, Sing Chau Ng, Heena P. Santry, Shimul A. Shah, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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Simulation-based training to teach open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair to surgical residents requires dedicated faculty instruction, William P. Robinson III, Donald T. Baril, Odette Taha, Andres Schanzer, Anne C. Larkin, Jean Bismuth, Erica L. Mitchell, and Louis M. Messina

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Derivation and validation of a practical risk score for prediction of mortality after open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms in a US regional cohort and comparison to existing scoring systems, William P. Robinson III, Andres Schanzer, YouFu Li, Philip P. Goodney, Brian W. Nolan, Mohammad H. Eslami, Jack L. Cronenwett, and Louis M. Messina

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Systems biology approach to transplant immune tolerance, Reza F. Saidi

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Urinary reconstruction after kidney transplantation: pyeloureterostomy or ureteroneocystostomy, Reza F. Saidi, Nahel Elias, Martin Hertl, Tatsuo Kawai, A. Benedict Cosimi, and Dicken S. Ko

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Rates of Insurance for Injured Patients before and after Health Care Reform in Massachusetts: Another Case of Double Jeopardy?, Heena P. Santry, Courtney E. Collins, Jason T. Wiseman, Julie M. Flahive, Charles M. Psoinos, Zeling Chau, Shimul A. Shah, and Catarina I. Kiefe

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Quadrimodal Distribution of Death after Trauma: Predictors of Death in the Fourth Peak, Heena Santry, Christopher J. Wilbert, Charles M. Psoinos, Julie Flahive, Aimee R. Kroll-Desrosiers, Timothy A. Emhoff, and Catarina I. Kiefe

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Does Aeromedical Transport Increase Anything Else Besides The Cost Of Care For Trauma Patients?, Joshua J. Shaw and Heena P. Santry

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The effect of postoperative myocardial ischemia on long-term survival after vascular surgery, Jessica P. Simons, Donald T. Baril, Philip P. Goodney, Daniel J. Bertges, William P. Robinson III, Jack L. Cronenwett, Louis M. Messina, Andres Schanzer, and Vascular Study Group of New England

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The effect of postoperative stroke and myocardial infarction on long-term survival after carotid revascularization, Jessica P. Simons, Philip P. Goodney, Donald T. Baril, Brian W. Nolan, Nathanael Hevelone, Jack L. Cronenwett, Louis M. Messina, and Andres Schanzer

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Does increasing insurance improve outcomes for US cancer patients, Jillian K. Smith, Sing Chau Ng, Zheng Zhou, James E. Carroll Jr., Theodore P. McDade, Shimul A. Shah, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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Severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with adverse outcomes in patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, David H. Stone, Philip P. Goodney, Jeffrey A. Kalish, Andres Schanzer, Jeffrey E. Indes, Daniel B. Walsh, Jack L. Cronenwett, Brian W. Nolan, and Vascular Study Group of New England

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Comparison of graft patency, limb salvage, and antithrombotic therapy between prosthetic and autogenous below-knee bypass for critical limb ischemia, Bjoern D. Suckow, Larry W. Kraiss, David H. Stone, Andres Schanzer, Daniel J. Bertges, Donald T. Baril, Jack L. Cronenwett, Philip P. Goodney, and Vascular Study Group of New England

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Optimal selection of asymptomatic patients for carotid endarterectomy based on predicted 5-year survival, Jessica B. Wallaert, Jack L. Cronenwett, Daniel J. Bertges, Andres Schanzer, Brian W. Nolan, Randall R. De Martino, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, and Philip P. Goodney

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Outcomes following resection of pancreatic cancer, Elan R. Witkowski, Jillian K. Smith, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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Type 2 Diabetes-Induced Hematopoietic Stem Cell Oxidant Stress Attenuates the Differentiation, Skews M1/M2 Specification of Monocytes/Macrophages and Delays Wound Healing in db/db Mice, Jinglian Yan, Guodong Tie, Shouying Wang, and Louis M. Messina

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells as a Treatment for Peripheral Arterial Disease: Current Status and Potential Impact of Type II Diabetes on Their Therapeutic Efficacy, Jinglian Yan, Guodong Tie, Ting Yu Xu, Katharine Cecchini, and Louis M. Messina

Publications from 2012

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Can a detailed neurological exam improve prediction of extubation success in neurocritically ill patients?, Sanam Baghshomali, Nathanael Slater, Raphael A. Carandang, Cynthia Ouillette, Wiley R. Hall, and Susanne Muehlschlegel

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Prior contralateral amputation predicts worse outcomes for lower extremity bypasses performed in the intact limb, Donald T. Baril, Philip P. Goodney, William P. Robinson III, Brian W. Nolan, David H. Stone, YouFu Li, Jack L. Cronenwett, and Andres Schanzer

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Liver Transplantation: The End of the Road in Chronic Hepatitis C Infection, Adel Bozorgzadeh

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Engraftment of human HSCs in nonirradiated newborn NOD-scid IL2rgamma null mice is enhanced by transgenic expression of membrane-bound human SCF, Michael A. Brehm, Racki J. Waldemar, Jean H. Leif, Lisa M. Burzenski, Vishnu Hosur, Amber Wetmore, Bruce Gott, Mary Herlihy, Ronald A. Ignotz, Raymond M. Dunn, Leonard D. Shultz, and Dale L. Greiner

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Anesthetic Considerations for Cervical Fusion Surgery in Advanced Rheumatoid Arthritis and Severe Pulmonary Hypertension, Robert Canelli, John P. Weaver, and Elifce Cosar

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Genetic determinants of cerebral edema in severe traumatic brain injury: A pilot study of the role of CACNA1 and AQP4 gene mutations, Raphael A. Carandang, Susanne Muehlschlegel, Wiley R. Hall, Cynthia Ouillette, and Robert H. Brown Jr.

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Foregut Surgery in the Modern Era: A National Survey, Zeling Chau, Jillian K. Smith, Elan R. Witkowski, Elizaveta Ragulin-Coyne, Tara S. Kent, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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Hyperspectral imaging for early detection of oxygenation and perfusion changes in irradiated skin, Michael S. Chin, Brian B. Freniere, Yuan-Chyuan Lo, Jonathan H. Saleeby, Stephen P. Baker, Heather M. Strom, Ronald A. Ignotz, Janice F. Lalikos, and Thomas J. Fitzgerald

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Beta-catenin phosphorylated at threonine 120 antagonizes generation of active beta-catenin by spatial localization in trans-Golgi network, Cheng Du, Chuanyou Zhang, Zhuo Li, Md Helal Uddin Biswas, and Kethandapatti C. Balaji

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Do hospital attributes predict guideline-recommended gastric cancer care in the United States, Vikas Dudeja, Greer Gay, Elizabeth B. Habermann, Todd M. Tuttle, Jennifer F. Tseng, Barry W. Feig, and Waddah B. Al-Refaie

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Is there a role for surgery with adequate nodal evaluation alone in gastric adenocarcinoma, Vikas Dudeja, Elizabeth B. Habermann, Anasooya Abraham, Wei Zhong, Helen M. Parsons, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Waddah B. Al-Refaie

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Patient Flow in Peri-Operative Services: Analysis of Factors that Impact OR Turn Over Time, Shubjeet Kaur, Shimul A. Shah, John J. Wixted, Costin Catalin Negroiu, and Stephen O. Heard

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Utilization and Outcomes of Patients with Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases in the Medicare Population, Christopher W. Macomber, Sing Chau Ng, Youfu Li, Karim Alavi, Heena P. Santry, Jennifer Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Centre volume and resource consumption in liver transplantation, Christopher W. Macomber, Joshua J. Shaw, Heena P. Santry, Reza F. Saidi, Nicolas Jabbour, Jennifer F. Tseng, Adel Bozorgzadeh, and Shimul A. Shah

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Impact of medical and neurological ICU complications on moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), Susanne Muehlschlegel, Raphael A. Carandang, Cynthia Ouillette, Wiley R. Hall, Frederick A. Anderson Jr., and Robert J. Goldberg

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Incidence rates of ICU complications in moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), Susanne Muehlschlegel, Raphael A. Carandang, Cynthia Ouillette, Wiley R. Hall, Frederick A. Anderson Jr., and Robert J. Goldberg

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Comparison of carotid endarterectomy and stenting in real world practice using a regional quality improvement registry, Brian W. Nolan, Randall R. De Martino, Philip P. Goodney, Andres Schanzer, David H. Stone, David Butzel, Christopher J. Kwolek, and Jack L. Cronenwett

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Changing practice patterns of deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease and essential tremor in the USA, Julie G. Pilitsis, Anthony M. Burrows, Mary Linton Peters, Julie Sargent, Sing Chau Ng, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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Parental intermittent claudication as risk factor for claudication in adults, Scott G. Prushik, Alik Farber, Philimon Gona, Peter Shrader, Michael J. Pencina, Ralph B. D'Agostino, and Joanne M. Murabito

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Parental intermittent claudication as risk factor for claudication in adults, Scott G. Prushik, Alik Farber, Philimon Gona, Peter Shrader, Michael J. Pencina, Ralph B. D'Agostino, and Joanne M. Murabito

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Multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma in an octogenarian: diagnosis, natural history, and treatment, Charles M. Psoinos, Dina Kandil, Bilal Piperdi, and Laura A. Lambert

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The dangers of being a "weekend warrior": A new call for injury prevention efforts, Charles M. Psoinos, A. Emhoff Timothy, W. Brian Sweeney, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Heena P. Santry

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Perioperative mortality after pancreatectomy: A risk score to aid decision-making, Elizaveta Ragulin Coyne, James E. Carroll Jr., Jillian K. Smith, Elan R. Witkowski, Sing Chau Ng, Shimul A. Shah, Zheng Zhou, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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Is pancreatic cancer palliatable? A national study, Elizaveta Ragulin Coyne, Jillian K. Smith, Elan R. Witkowski, Sing Chau Ng, Theodore P. McDade, Shimul A. Shah, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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Serum sodium values and their association with adverse outcomes in moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), Lucia Rivera Lara, Susanne Muehlschlegel, Raphael A. Carandang, Cynthia Ouillette, Wiley R. Hall, Frederick A. Anderson Jr., and Robert J. Goldberg

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A randomized comparison of a 3-week and 6-week vascular surgery simulation course on junior surgical residents' performance of an end-to-side anastomosis, William P. Robinson III, Andres Schanzer, Bruce S. Cutler, Donald T. Baril, Anne C. Larkin, Mohammad Eslami, Elias J. Arous, and Louis M. Messina

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Acute Care Surgery Patterns in the Current Era: Results of a Qualitative Study, Heena Santry, Patricia L. Pringle, Timothy A. Emhoff, George C. Velmahos, L. D. Britt, Lee Hargraves, and Catarina I. Kiefe

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The role of unconscious bias in surgical safety and outcomes, Heena P. Santry and Sherry M. Wren

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Not Just Full of Hot Air: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Increases Survival in Cases of Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections, Joshua L. Shaw, Charles M. Psoinos, Timothy A. Emhoff, and Heena Santry

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Outcomes and practice patterns in patients undergoing lower extremity bypass, Jessica P. Simons, Andres Schanzer, Brian W. Nolan, David H. Stone, Jeffrey A. Kalish, Jack L. Cronenwett, and Philip P. Goodney