Acidic fibroblast growth factor modulates gene expression in the rat thyroid in vivo
Department of Endocrinology; Department of Cell Biology
Medical Subject Headings
Actins; Animals; Bone and Bones; Cathepsin D; Fibroblast Growth Factor 1; *Gene Expression; Genes, fos; Histones; Iodide Peroxidase; Liver; Male; Organ Size; RNA, Messenger; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Thyroglobulin; Thyroid Gland
We have recently demonstrated that the iv administration of acidic fibroblast growth factor (a-FGF) to rats for 6 days results in a marked increase in thyroid weight with colloid accumulation and flat, quiescent follicular cells. Whereas a-FGF administration consistently increases thyroid weight, there are only minor alterations in serum TSH and thyroid hormones, and no change in intrathyroidal metabolism of 125I metabolism. In the present work, we studied the effects of 1 or 6 daily injections of a-FGF (60 micrograms/kg BW) or vehicle on the mRNA levels for histone, c-fos, actin, type I 5' deiodinase (5'D-I), thyroid peroxidase, and thyroglobulin and cathepsin D in the thyroid, liver and bone. Rats were sacrificed 0.5, 2, 4, 8 and 24 h after the 1st or the 6th a-FGF injection and thyroid, liver, and calvarium were removed. The relative amounts of mRNAs were determined by slot blot analysis. There was a 43% increase in thyroid weight in rats treated with a-FGF for 6 days compared to vehicle-treated rats. We observed an increase in c-fos mRNA content in the thyroid gland 0.5 to 4 h after 1 or 6 injections of a-FGF. In contrast, treatment with a-FGF for 1 or 6 days did not affect histone mRNA content, a marker of proliferative activity or actin mRNA levels. Treatment with a-FGF caused a marked decrease in thyroid 5' D-I mRNA content in the thyroid. The decrease was present 2 h after the first injection and reached a nadir 8 h later.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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Citation: J Cell Biochem. 1992 Dec;50(4):392-9. Link to article on publisher's site
Chanoine, Jean-Pierre; Stein, Gary S.; Braverman, Lewis E.; Shalhoub, Victoria; Lian, Jane B.; Huber, Chris A.; and DeVito, William J., "Acidic fibroblast growth factor modulates gene expression in the rat thyroid in vivo" (1992). Stein, Stein, Lian, vanWijnen Lab. 107.