The Senior Scholars Program at the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) provides medical students with an opportunity for scholarly activities that serve not only as an introduction to the philosophy of research based on answering questions through hypothesis generation, information gathering, experimentation, and critical interpretation, but as a tool for growth in an evidence-based health care environment. UMMS Senior Scholars have completed projects in all major fields of basic science, clinical medicine, epidemiology, and public health. Many have presented their findings at local, regional or national meetings, serving as a platform for subsequent academic endeavors. Each student participates in "Senior Scholars Presentation Day" preparing a poster and sharing ideas with medical school peers and faculty members. This collection includes student posters, abstracts, and published journal articles authored by Senior Scholars.

Read the UMassMedNow feature about the 2013 Senior Scholars Presentation Day!

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Publications from 2014

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Upper extremity injury management by non-physician emergency practitioners in rural Uganda: A pilot study, Daniel S. Frank, Katie Dunleavy, Rashidah Nambaziira, Irene Nayebare, Bradley Dreifuss, and Mark Bisanzo

Publications from 2013

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Understanding Factors that Influence Pregnant and Parenting Teenagers to Seek Medical Care for Themselves and Their Children in the Emergency Room versus with their Primary Care Providers, Amanda B. Burrage, Kristen Stogsdill, and Diane R. Blake

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Prenatal oral health education in U.S. dental schools and obstetrics and gynecology residencies, Megan Curtis, Hugh Silk, and Judith A. Savageau

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A Retrospective Analysis of Opioid Consumption Among Different Orthopedic Surgeons for Total Joint Replacement, Costas J. Gioules, Hayden B. Rockson, Russell M. Flatto, Arnel J. Almeda, and Anthony L. Schwagerl

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Improved survival after heart failure: a community-based perspective, Samuel W. Joffe, Kristy T. Webster, David D. McManus, Michael S. Kiernan, Darleen M. Lessard, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Chad E. Darling, Joel M. Gore, and Robert J. Goldberg

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Expression of ITGB8 in Epicardial Adipose Tissue is Highly and Directly Correlated with the Severity of Coronary Atherosclerosis, Nancy Lee, Sarah M. Nicoloro, Juerg R. Straubhaar, Melinda Darrigo, Stanley Tam, Michael P. Czech, and Timothy P. Fitzgibbons

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Relative Roles of Medical Interventions and Infrastructure in an Urban Community’s Infant Mortality Rate: 100 Years of Infant Mortality in the City of Worcester, Maya Y. Mauch and B. Dale Magee

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Improved Survival after Heart Failure: A Community-based Perspective, Kristy T. Webster, Samuel W. Joffe, David D. McManus, MIchael S. Kiernan, Darleen M. Lessard, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Chad E. Darling, Joel M. Gore, and Robert J. Goldberg

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Prenatal Oral Health Education in U.S. Obstetrics and Gynecology Residencies and Dental Schools: Results of a National Survey, Megan Weeks, Judith A. Savageau, and Hugh Silk

Publications from 2012

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Are Our Students Teachers?, Joel Bradley and Melissa A. Fischer

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Gestational Weight Gain Prior to Glucola and Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Anna BuAbbud, Katherine Callaghan, Xun Liao, and Tiffany A. Moore Simas

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Limbic and motor function comparison of deep brain stimulation of the zona incerta and subthalamic nucleus, Anthony M. Burrows, Paula D. Ravin, Peter Novak, Mary Linton Peters, Brian Dessureau, Joan M. Swearer, and Julie G. Pilitsis

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Evaluating the Efficacy of Training Programs for Community Health Workers in Rural Uganda, Elizabeth Butler, Edward O’Neil, Zachary Tabb, Edward Mwebe, John Mukadde, Prossy Jim, Michael A. Godkin, Judith A. Savageau, Safi Ahmed, and Arwen Wolfe

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Use of cholecystostomy tubes in the management of patients with primary diagnosis of acute cholecystitis, Nicole Cherng, Elan R. Witkowski, Erica B. Sneider, Jason T. Wiseman, Joanne Lewis, Demetrius E. M. Litwin, Heena P. Santry, Mitchell A. Cahan, and Shimul A. Shah

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Assessing Patient-Provider Collaboration in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes in Jamaica and Effects on Glycemic Control, Paul E. Daniel Jr., Michael A. Godkin, Judith A. Savageau, Rosemarie Wright-Pascoe, and Michael G. Lee

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Epidemiological and clinical changes in American tegumentary leishmaniasis in an area of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis transmission over a 20-year period, Lara Jirmanus, Marshall J. Glesby, Luis H. Guimaraes, Ednaldo L. Lago, Maria Elisa Rosa, Paulo R. Machado, and Edgar M. Carvalho

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Assessing Oral Health Curriculum in U.S. Family Medicine Residency Programs: A National Survey, Ronnelle King, Hugh Silk, Judith A. Savageau, Ian M. Bennett, and Alexander W. Chessman

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Intraspinal penetrating stab injury to the middle thoracic spinal cord with no neurologic deficit, Xinning Li, Emily J. Curry, Micah Blais, Richard Ma, and Arno S. Sungarian

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Admission Hyperglycemia in Setting of Acute Heart Failure is Associated with Increased In-hospital Mortality Among Patients without Diabetes, Nicholas J. Maselli, Chad E. Darling, David D. McManus, Darleen M. Lessard, Robert J. Goldberg, and Jane S. Saczynski

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Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels do not correlate with asthma severity in a case-controlled study of children and adolescents, Jennifer Menon, Louise Maranda, and Benjamin U. Nwosu

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Codon Optimization for Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Disease, Timothy Menz, Qiushi Tang, Lina Song, Christian Mueller, and Terence R. Flotte

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Hepatic dysfunction is associated with vitamin D deficiency and poor glycemic control in diabetes mellitus, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Zheni G. Stavre, Louise Maranda, Karen Cullen, and Mary M. Lee

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Changing practice patterns of deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease and essential tremor in the USA, Julie G. Pilitsis, Anthony M. Burrows, Mary Linton Peters, Julie Sargent, Sing Chau Ng, and Jennifer F. Tseng

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Diagnostic Patterns and Immunohistochemical Stain Usage in Extended Core Prostate Biopsies: Comparisons Between Genitourinary and Non-Genitourinary Pathologists, Anna Plourde, Zhong Jiang, and Christopher L. Owens

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Health Care for the Homeless: An Aging Demographic 2006 to 2010, Jennifer Aborn Russo and Carole C. Upshur

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Assessing Oral Health Curriculum in US Family Medicine Residency Programs: A CERA Study, Hugh Silk, Ronnelle King, Ian M. Bennett, Alexander W. Chessman, and Judith A. Savageau

Publications from 2011

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Tales from the EMR: Does a 21st-Century Data Warehouse Facilitate Clinical Research for Pancreatic Cancer?, Edward J. Arous, Jillian K. Smith, Sing Chau Ng, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Theodore P. McDade

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Improving Prenatal Education in a Health Center: A Pilot Study, Marcy Keddy Boucher, Hugh Silk, Judith A. Savageau, Katharine C. Barnard, and Mary Flynn

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Universal Health Care Coverage in Massachusetts: A Follow-up on the Effects on Neurosurgical Practice, Anthony M. Burrows, Julie G. Pilitsis, Lynn Levecque, Richard P. Moser, and Demetrius E. M. Litwin

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Creation of 3D Digital Anthropomorphic Phantoms which Model Actual Patient Non-rigid Body Motion as Determined from MRI and Position Tracking Studies of Volunteers, Caitlin M. Connolly, Arda Konik, Paul K. R. Dasari, P. Segars, Shaokuan Zheng, K. L. Johnson, Joyoni Dey, and Michael A. King

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Fatty acid and endotoxin activate inflammasomes in mouse hepatocytes that release danger signals to stimulate immune cells, Timea Csak, Michal Ganz, Justin Pespisa, Karen Kodys, Angela Dolganiuc, and Gyongyi Szabo

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The characteristics of patients with type 1: intraforaminal vertebral artery anomalies, Mark S. Eskander, Michelle E. Aubin, Joshua W. Major, Bree Huning, Jacob M. Drew, Julianne Marvin, and Patrick J. Connolly

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Teaching Oral Health in U.S. Medical Schools: Results of a National Survey, Ashley Ferullo, Hugh Silk, and Judith A. Savageau

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Lipopolysaccharide induces and activates the Nalp3 inflammasome in the liver, Michal Ganz, Timea Csak, Bharath D. Nath, and Gyongyi Szabo

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Vitreous substitutes: a comprehensive review, Teri T. Kleinberg, Radouil T. Tzekov, Linda Stein, Nathan Ravi, and Shalesh Kaushal

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The effect of removing cost as a barrier to treatment initiation with outpatient tobacco dependence clinics among emergency department patients, Deepak K. Ozhathil, Beau W. Abar, Brigitte M. Baumann, Carlos A. Camargo Jr., Douglas M. Ziedonis, and Edwin D. Boudreaux

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Effect of centre volume and high donor risk index on liver allograft survival, Deepak K. Ozhathil, YouFu Li, Jillian K. Smith, Jennifer F. Tseng, Reza F. Saidi, Adel Bozorgzadeh, and Shimul A. Shah

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Impact of center volume on increased risk liver transplant outcomes, Deepak K. Ozhathil, YouFu Li, Jillian K. Smith, Jennifer F. Tseng, Reza F. Saidi, Adel Bozorgzadeh, and Shimul A. Shah

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Colectomy performance improvement within NSQIP 2005-2008, Deepak K. Ozhathil, YouFu Li, Jillian K. Smith, Elan R. Witkowski, Elizaveta Ragulin Coyne, Karim Alavi, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Assessment of Olfactory Processing in Parkinson’s Disease Patients, Mary Linton Peters, Jacob Kleinman, Wei Huang, Keith A. Cauley, Paula D. Ravin, Peter Novak, Ali Bourisly, Jean A. King, and Julie G. Pilitsis

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Identifying Characteristics of Effective Small Group Learning Valued by Medical Students and Facilitators, Diana T. Robillard, Laura M. Spring, Susan J. Pasquale, and Judith A. Savageau

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Improving Delivery of Evidence-Based Prenatal Care in a Family Medicine Clinic, Rachel Rosenberg and Jeremy Golding

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Uniting Student Musicians and Patients: A Quality Improvement Project, Daniel B. Schmolze and Suzana Makowski

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Targeted signal-amplifying enzymes enhance MRI of EGFR expression in an orthotopic model of human glioma, Mohammed S. Shazeeb, Christopher H. Sotak, Michael J. DeLeo III, and Alexei A. Bogdanov Jr.

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Hospitalization for Complications of Cirrhosis: Does Volume Matter, Anand Singla, James L. Hart, YouFu Li, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Impact of pass/fail grading on medical students' well-being and academic outcomes, Laura M. Spring, Diana Robillard, Lorrie Gehlbach, and Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Publications from 2010

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Identification of type 1: interforaminal vertebral artery anomalies in cervical spine MRIs, Michelle E. Aubin, Mark S. Eskander, Jacob M. Drew, Julianne Marvin, Jonathan P. Eskander, Jason C. Eck, and Patrick J. Connolly

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Massachusetts health insurance mandate: effects on neurosurgical practice, Anthony M. Burrows, Richard P. Moser, John P. Weaver, Demetrius E. M. Litwin, and Julie G. Pilitsis

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Neurological picture. Ascending paralysis from malignant leptomeningeal melanomatosis, Anthony M. Burrows, Thomas W. Smith, Wiley R. Hall, and Julie G. Pilitsis

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Current trends and short-term outcomes of live donor nephrectomy: a population-based analysis of the nationwide inpatient sample, Beth Colombo, Anand Singla, YouFu Li, Jennifer F. Tseng, Reza F. Saidi, Adel Bozorgzadeh, and Shimul A. Shah

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Surgeon Volume Metrics in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy, Nicholas G. Csikesz, Anand Singla, Melissa M. Murphy, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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The Utility of Complete Skin Examinations, Erik Domingues, Dori Goldberg, Leah Belazarian, and Jeffrey D. Mailhot

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A National Survey of Oral Health Curriculum in All U.S. Allopathic and Osteopathic Medical Schools, Ashley Ferullo, Hugh Silk, and Judith A. Savageau

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Single-stage forehead flap in nasal reconstruction, Gary M. Fudem, Richard D. Montilla, and Carolyn J. Vaughn

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Advances in interventional neuroradiology, Matthew J. Gounis, Michael J. DeLeo III, and Ajay K. Wakhloo

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Ophthalmology Education in Medical School Curriculum Design: Assessing the Home Front, Teri T. Kleinberg, Shalesh Kaushal, and George Asdourian

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Serum anti-toxin B antibody correlates with protection from recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), Brett A. Leav, Barbara M. Blair, Mark Leney, Michael Knauber, Courtney Reilly, Israel Lowy, Dale N. Gerding, Ciaran P. Kelly, Kia Katchar, Roger Baxter, Donna M. Ambrosino, and Deborah C. Molrine

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Reduction of Vertical Transmission of HIV in the Dominican Republic: Benefits of Early Presentation for Prenatal Care, Ingrid Liff, Mario Alejandro Chevalier, Arachu Castro, and Raul E. Davaro

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Intra-arterial abciximab for the treatment of thrombus formation during coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms, Italo Linfante, Vahid Etezadi, Vincenzo Andreone, Michael J. DeLeo III, Sara Alehashemi, Kate Shaw, and Ajay K. Wakhloo

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Efforts needed to provide institute of medicine-recommended guidelines for gestational weight gain, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Darrah K. Doyle Curiale, Janet R. Hardy, Sharon D. Jackson, Yan Zhang, and Xun Liao

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Modulation of Exaggerated-IgE Allergic Responses by Gene Transfer-mediated Antagonism of IL-13 and IL-17e., Christian Mueller, Allison M. Keeler, Sofia Braag, Timothy Menz, Qiushi Tang, and Terence R. Flotte

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Piloting Standardized Immediate Student Evaluation of Lectures in Pre-Clinical Years, Meghan E. Shea, Lorrie Gehlbach, Mary L. Zanetti, and Melissa A. Fischer

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Hospital volume as a surrogate for laparoscopically assisted colectomy, Anand Singla, Jessica P. Simons, James E. Carroll, Youfu Li, Sing Chau Ng, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Gestational Weight Gain: How to “Institute” New Guidelines, Gina M. Tassone; Tiffany A. Moore Simas; Robert E. Berry, Jr; and Xun Liao

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Surgical management of acute cholecystitis at a tertiary care center in the modern era, Jason T. Wiseman, Maia N. Sharuk, Anand Singla, Mitchell Cahan, Demetrius E. M. Litwin, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

Publications from 2009

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The Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Presentation and Treatment of Diverticular Disease, Nicholas G. Csikesz, Jessica P. Simons, Anand Singla, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Carotid artery brain aneurysm model: in vivo molecular enzyme-specific MR imaging of active inflammation in a pilot study, Michael J. DeLeo III, Matthew J. Gounis, Bo Hong, John C. Ford, Ajay K. Wakhloo, and Alexei A. Bogdanov Jr.

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In Vivo Molecular Enzyme-Specific MR Imaging of Active Inflammation in a Pilot Animal Model of Carotid Artery Aneurysm, Michael J. DeLeo, Matthew J. Gounis, Bo Hong, John C. Ford, Ajay K. Wakhloo, and Alexei A. Bogdanov

Evaluation of Ob/Gyn Resident Experience in Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage, Erin E. Eppsteiner, Tiffany A. Moore-Simas, and Sharon Jackson

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Surgeon volume impacts hospital mortality for pancreatic resection, Robert W. Eppsteiner, Nicholas G. Csikesz, James T. McPhee, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Trends in the use of echocardiography and left ventriculography to assess left ventricular ejection fraction in patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction, Samuel W. Joffe, Armen Chalian, Dennis A. Tighe, Gerard P. Aurigemma, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Joel M. Gore, Darleen M. Lessard, and Robert J. Goldberg

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Are ejection fraction measurements by echocardiography and left ventriculography equivalent, Samuel W. Joffe, Jarrod Ferrara, Armen Chalian, Dennis A. Tighe, Gerard P. Aurigemma, and Robert J. Goldberg

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Evidence for Interventions Directed to Consumers in the Rx for Change Database: Update and Expansion - Do New Reviews Broaden the Scope of the Field and Expand the Definition of Evidence-Based Prescribing for and Drug Use by Consumers?, Caroline A. Kaufman, Frank J. Domino, Sophie J. Hill, and Rebecca E. Ryan

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Cerecyte versus platinum coils in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms: packing attenuation and clinical and angiographic midterm results, Italo Linfante, Michael J. DeLeo, Matthew J. Gounis, and Ajay K. Wakhloo

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Premenstrual Syndrome Prevalence and Fluctuation over Time: Results from a French Population-Based Survey, Julia Potter, Jean Bouyer, James Trussell, and Caroline Moreau

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Cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs) in patients with superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS), Rachel E. Roditi, Robert W. Eppsteiner, Todd B. Sauter, and Daniel J. Lee

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Building blocks for meta-synthesis: data integration tables for summarising, mapping, and synthesising evidence on interventions for communicating with health consumers, Rebecca E. Ryan, Caroline A. Kaufman, and Sophie J. Hill

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National hospital volume in acute pancreatitis: analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 1998-2006, Anand Singla, Nicholas G. Csikesz, Jessica P. Simons, YouFu Li, Sing Chau Ng, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Is the growth in laparoscopic surgery reproducible with more complex procedures, Anand Singla, Youfu Li, Sing Chau Ng, Nicholas G. Csikesz, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Racial Disparities in the Care of Acute Cholecystitis: A National Study, Anand Singla, Melissa M. Murphy, Sing Chau Ng, Youfu Li, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Admission volume determines outcome for patients with acute pancreatitis, Anand Singla, Jessica P. Simons, Youfu Li, Nicholas G. Csikesz, Sing Chau Ng, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Incidence rates, clinical profile, and outcomes of patients with venous thromboembolism. The Worcester VTE study, Frederick A. Spencer, Cathy Emery, Samuel W. Joffe, Luigi Pacifico, Darleen M. Lessard, George W. Reed, Joel M. Gore, and Robert J. Goldberg

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Advances in interventional neuroradiology, Ajay K. Wakhloo, Michael J. DeLeo III, and Martin M. Brown

Publications from 2008

Preoperative Radiation Therapy in Combination with Weekly Paclitaxel and Oral Glutamine for Rectal Cancer, Leah Burnett

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High volume and outcome after liver resection: surgeon or center, Robert W. Eppsteiner, Nicholas G. Csikesz, Jessica P. Simons, Jennifer F. Tseng, and Shimul A. Shah

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Polypharmacy prevalence rates in the treatment of unipolar depression in an outpatient clinic, Anna Glezer, Nancy Byatt, Richard Cook, and Anthony J. Rothschild

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Prehospital transport of patients with acute myocardial infarction: a community-wide perspective, Robert J. Goldberg, Daniel G. Kramer, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Darleen M. Lessard, and Joel M. Gore

Improving Breastfeeding Outcomes at the Family Health Center of Worcester, Ellen Green

Trends in the Use of Echocardiography and Left Ventriculography in Patients Hospitalized with Acute Myocardial Infarction: The Worcester Heart Attack Study, Samuel W. Joffe

Bile Metabolism and Cholelithiasis (A comprehensive review for the monthly publication Clinics of North America), Stephanie Lambou-Gianoukos

The Use of Accelerometers to Predict Functional Outcome After Total Knee Arthroplasty, Craig Lareau

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Feasibility of Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy in Determining VO2 for Preoperative Risk Assessment, Nathan Marengi

Characteristics of Patients Utilizing St. Anne’s Free Clinic, Candice McElroy

Inflammatory Patterns and Cellular and Vascular Permeation in Rat Abdominal Wall Defects Using Alloderm, Permacol and CollaMend for Repair, Joyce K. McIntyre

Clinical Health Informatics Meets Medical Education, Jeffrey Phillips

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Cyclic or Congenital Neutropenia: Phenotypic Variations of Blood Neutrophil Counts in Patients with the Same ELA2 Mutation and Same Paternal Haplotype: Evidence for Phenotype Determination by Modifying Genes, Talia Pindyck

Creation of a Clinical Assay for Detection of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection as Well as Rifampin Resistance Using Linear-After-The-Exponential PCR (LATE-PCR), Kevin Soares

Fine Mapping the Genetic Basis of CRP Regulation in African Americans: a Bayesian Approach, Lakshman Subrahmanyan

Publications from 2007

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Transthoracic Echocardiographic Measurement of the Ascending Aorta in Bicuspid Aortic Valve Patients: A Simple Standardized Method, Alfred Albano

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ED Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndromes: No Gender-Related Difference of 'Chest Discomfort', Garreth C. Biegun