Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; School of Medicine; Senior Scholars Program
Luu D. Ireland, MD, MPH
Health Services Administration | Medical Education | Obstetrics and Gynecology
Background: Young women have the highest rates of unintended pregnancies among reproductive aged women. Black and Latina women are at highest risk. Few studies have examined reasons for these differences. In this study, we examined disparities in contraceptive use and contraceptive counseling by race and ethnicity among young women.
Methods: Using the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), a cross-sectional, nationally representative database, our analysis included women aged 15-24 years who had sexual intercourse within the past year, and were not pregnant or seeking pregnancy. The primary outcomes were contraceptive use and receipt of contraceptive services within the past 12 months.
Results: Young women who identify as Hispanic (H) or Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) are less likely to report current contraceptive use than their non-Hispanic White (NHW) or Non-Hispanic Other (NHO) counterparts. This finding remains statistically significant among NHB women after controlling for confounders (H: adjusted OR=0.57±0.17, 95% CI [0.32, 1.02]; NHB: adjusted OR=0.51±0.13, 95% CI [0.31-0.82;] NHO: OR=1.91±0.67, 95% CI [0.96, 3.81]). There were no differences in birth control counseling received by race/ethnicity. However, NHW and NHO were more likely to have been issued contraception within the last 12 months (H: 49.6%, NHB: 49.0%, NHW: 60.1%, NHO: 64.8; p=0.047).
Conclusions/Implications: Young Black and Latina women are less likely to use contraception than other racial and ethnic groups; this difference persists among young black women after controlling for sociodemographic differences. Future studies should explore reasons for the decreased contraceptive usage rate among young black women.
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Copyright The Author(s).
contraception, contraceptives, contraceptive services, young women, race, ethnicity, disparaties
Bahamon, Cecilia; Leung, Katherine G.; and Ireland, Luu D., "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Contraceptive Use in Young Women" (2017). University of Massachusetts Medical School. Senior Scholars Program. Paper 252.