UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Date

10-14-2003

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Adolescent; Adult; *African Continental Ancestry Group; Cholesterol, Dietary; Cohort Studies; *Coronary Artery Disease; Dietary Fats; Educational Status; *European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Food Preferences; *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Nutritional Sciences; Prospective Studies; Questionnaires; Risk Factors; Taste; United States

Disciplines

Bioinformatics | Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of changes in dietary intake with education in young black and white men and women.

DESIGN: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, a multi-centre population-based prospective study. Dietary intake data at baseline and year 7 were obtained from an extensive nutritionist-administered diet history questionnaire with 700 items developed for CARDIA.

SETTING: Participants were recruited in 1985-1986 from four sites: Birmingham, Alabama; Chicago, Illinois; Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Oakland, California.

SUBJECTS: Participants were from a general community sample of 703 black men (BM), 1006 black women (BW), 963 white men (WM) and 1054 white women (WW) who were aged 18-30 years at baseline. Analyses here include data for baseline (1985-1986) and year 7 (1992-1993).

RESULTS: Most changes in dietary intake were observed among those with high education (>or=12 years) at both examinations. There was a significant decrease in intake of energy from saturated fat and cholesterol and a significant increase in energy from starch for each race-gender group (P<0.001). Regardless of education, taste was considered an important influence on food choice.

CONCLUSION: The inverse relationship of education with changes in saturated fat and cholesterol intakes suggests that national public health campaigns may have a greater impact among those with more education.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Public Health Nutr. 2003 Oct;6(7):689-95.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.