Title

Do hip replacements improve outcomes for hip fracture patients

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Date

3-31-1999

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Activities of Daily Living; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; *Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Femoral Neck Fractures; *Fracture Fixation; Health Status; Humans; Male; *Manipulation, Orthopedic; Minnesota; Patient Readmission; Pennsylvania; Prospective Studies; Texas; *Treatment Outcome

Disciplines

Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a common problem among older Americans. Two types of procedures are available for repairing hip fractures: hip replacement and open or closed reduction with or without internal fixation. The assumption has been that hip replacement produces better functional outcomes. Although that is the common wisdom, outcome studies evaluating hip replacement for treatment of hip fracture are few and have not clearly documented its superiority.

OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes of hip fracture patients who receive hip replacement versus another stabilizing procedure (open or closed reduction with or without internal fixation).

DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.

PARTICIPANTS: We studied 332 patients (age, > 65) who were hospitalized for a femoral neck fracture and discharged alive.

MEASUREMENTS: We examined 2 treatment groups, hip replacement versus another procedure, on 6 outcomes [Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), walking, living situation (institutionalized or not), perceived health (excellent/good vs. fair/poor), rehospitalization, and mortality] at 3 postdischarge times (6 weeks, 6 months and 1 year).

RESULTS: Mean age was 80, 80% were female, 96% White, 28% married, and 71% had a hip replacement. The treatment groups were similar at baseline (3 months before admission as reported at discharge) on ADLs, walking, living situation, and perceived health (all P > 0.24). After adjusting for demographics, clinical characteristics, fracture characteristics, and prior ADLs, walking ability, living situation, and perceived health, patients with a hip replacement did not do better at 6 weeks, 6 months, or 1 year post-discharge on any of the 6 outcome measures (all 18 P > 0.10). A global test of all 6 outcomes finds hip replacement patients doing less well at one year (P = 0.02).

CONCLUSIONS: Despite the commonly held belief that hip replacement is a superior treatment for hip fracture, we found no suggestion of better outcomes for hip replacement on any of 6 key outcomes.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Med Care. 1999 Mar;37(3):285-94. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed