Phase II evaluation of dibromodulcitol and actinomycin D, hydroxyurea, and cyclophosphamide in previously untreated patients with malignant melanoma

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

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Document Type



Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols; effects; Cyclophosphamide; Dactinomycin; Drug Evaluation; Female; Humans; Hydroxyurea; Male; Melanoma; Middle Aged; Mitolactol; Semustine


Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research


In this Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) phase II study, dibromodulcitol (DBD) and a combination of actinomycin D, hydroxyurea, and cyclophosphamide (AHC) were compared with methyl-CCNU, the current ECOG standard, in patients who had received no prior chemotherapy for disseminated malignant melanoma. The response rates were 6% (3/50) for AHC, 9% (3/34) for DBD, and 14% (7/49) for methyl-CCNU. Median survival times were 4, 5, and 6 months, respectively. Neither regimen appears to offer any advantage over methyl-CCNU as front-line therapy for patients with disseminated melanoma.

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Citation: Invest New Drugs. 1987;5(3):293-7. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Investigational new drugs

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed