Social support and stressful life events: age differences in their effects on health-related quality of life among the chronically ill
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Activities of Daily Living; Adolescent; Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Bereavement; Chronic Disease; Health Status; Humans; Income; Interpersonal Relations; *Life Change Events; Middle Aged; *Quality of Life; Sampling Studies; *Social Support; Work
Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research
There is substantial evidence of individual variation in health-related quality of life measures that is not accounted for by age or disease condition. An understanding of factors that determine good health is necessary for maintained function and improved quality of life. This study examines the extent to which social support and stressful life events were more or less beneficial for the long-term physical functioning and emotional well-being of 1,402 chronically ill patients. Analyses, conducted separately in three age groups, showed that social support was beneficial for health over time regardless of age. In addition, low levels of support were particularly damaging for the physical functioning of older patients. Stressful life events impacted differentially on health-related quality of life; relationship events had an immediate effect on well-being which diminished with time; financial events had an immediate negative effect on functioning and well-being which persisted over time for middle-aged patients; bereavement had a delayed impact on quality of life, with the youngest patients especially vulnerable to its negative effects; work-related events had both negative and positive effects, depending on age group. Results reinforce the importance of identifying and dealing with psychosocial problems among patients with chronic disease.
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Citation: Qual Life Res. 1992 Aug;1(4):235-46. Link to article on publisher's site
Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation
Sherbourne, Cathy Donald; Meredith, L. S.; Rogers, William H.; and Ware, John E. Jr., "Social support and stressful life events: age differences in their effects on health-related quality of life among the chronically ill" (1992). Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations. 503.