Income group differences in relationships among survey measures of physical and mental health
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Medical Subject Headings
Activities of Daily Living; Adolescent; Adult; Affective Symptoms; Aged; *Attitude to Health; Female; Humans; *Income; Male; *Mental Health; Middle Aged; Morbidity; Ohio; Quality of Life; Regression Analysis
Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research
The present research tested the hypothesis that the experience of health is hierarchically organized such that gratification of physical health needs must precede gratification of mental health needs. It was reasoned that because the nondisadvantaged possess greater resources for the gratification of health needs in general, symptoms of mental illness would be more salient for this group and thus better able to explain variance in both mental and physical illness. On the other hand, it was reasoned that symptoms of physical illness would be more salient and thus better able to explain variance in both mental and physical illness for the disadvantaged. Results of the study indicate income group differences in patterns of relationships among health variables, supporting the hypothesis and suggesting important differences in the validity of health measures across income groups. The results are related to previous findings in medical sociology, and suggestions for future research are made.
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Citation: Health Serv Res. 1976 Winter;11(4):416-29. Link to article on publisher's site
Johnston, Shawn A. and Ware, John E. Jr., "Income group differences in relationships among survey measures of physical and mental health" (1976). Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations. 426.