Comparison of outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes with and without atrial fibrillation
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Department of Surgery
Medical Subject Headings
Acute Disease; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Angina, Unstable; Atrial Fibrillation; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Myocardial Infarction; Syndrome; Treatment Outcome
Bioinformatics | Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research
Preexisting or new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) commonly occurs in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, it is currently unknown if previous or new-onset AF confers different risks in these patients. To determine the prognostic significance of new-onset and previous AF in patients with ACS, we evaluated all patients with ACS enrolled in the multinational Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) between April 1999 and September 2001. We compared clinical characteristics, management, and hospital outcomes in patients with ACS and new-onset and previous AF with those without AF. Of a total of 21,785 patients with ACS enrolled in GRACE, 1,700 (7.9%) had previous AF and 1,221 (6.2%) had new-onset AF. Patients with any AF were older, more likely to be women, had more co-morbid conditions, and worse hemodynamic status. Most in-hospital adverse events (reinfarction, shock, pulmonary edema, bleeding, stroke, and mortality) were significantly higher in patients with any AF than those without AF. Only new-onset AF (not previous AF) was an independent predictor of all adverse in-hospital outcomes. We conclude that compared with patients with ACS without any AF, previous and new-onset AF are associated with increased hospital morbidity and mortality. However, only new-onset AF is an independent predictor of in-hospital adverse events in patients with ACS.
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Citation: Am J Cardiol. 2003 Nov 1;92(9):1031-6.