The use of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction: data from the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction 2
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Medical Subject Headings
Aged; Angioplasty; Cohort Studies; Female; Humans; Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping; Male; Myocardial Infarction; Registries; Retrospective Studies; Shock, Cardiogenic; Thrombolytic Therapy; United States
Bioinformatics | Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains the leading cause of death in patients hospitalized with AMI. Although several studies have demonstrated the importance of establishing and maintaining a patent infarct-related artery, it remains unclear as to whether intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) provides incremental benefit to reperfusion therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether IABP use is associated with lower in-hospital mortality rates in patients with AMI complicated by cardiogenic shock in a large AMI registry.
METHODS: We evaluated patients participating in the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction 2 who had cardiogenic shock at initial examination or in whom cardiogenic shock developed during hospitalization (n = 23,180).
RESULTS: The mean age of patients in the study was 72 years, 54% were men, and the majority were white. The overall mortality rate in all patients who had cardiogenic shock or in whom cardiogenic shock developed was 70%. IABP was used in 7268 (31%) patients. IABP use was associated with a significant reduction in mortality rates in patients who received thrombolytic therapy (67% vs 49%) but was not associated with any benefit in patients treated with primary angioplasty (45% vs 47%). In a multivariate model, the use of IABP in conjunction with thrombolytic therapy decreased the odds of death by 18% (odds ratio, 0.82; 95% confidence interval, 0.72 to 0.93).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AMI complicated by cardiogenic shock may have substantial benefit from IABP when used in combination with thrombolytic therapy.
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Citation: Am Heart J. 2001 Jun;141(6):933-9. Link to article on publisher's site
Barron, Hal V.; Every, Nathan R.; Parsons, Lori S.; Angeja, Brad G.; Goldberg, Robert J.; Gore, Joel M.; and Chou, Tony M., "The use of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction: data from the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction 2" (2001). Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations. 291.