High-Performance Tellurium-Free Thermoelectrics: All-Scale Hierarchical Structuring of p-Type PbSe-MSe Systems (M = Ca, Sr, Ba)
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Bioinformatics | Biostatistics | Epidemiology | Health Services Research
We present a systematic study of the characterization and thermoelectric properties of nanostructured Na-doped PbSe embedded with 1-4% MSe (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) phases as endotaxial inclusions. The samples were powder-processed by the spark plasma sintering technique, which introduces mesoscale-structured grains. The hierarchical architectures on the atomic scale (Na and M solid solution), nanoscale (MSe nanoprecipitates), and mesoscale (grains) were confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. These structures produce a great reduction in the lattice thermal conductivity relative to pristine PbSe without appreciably affecting the power factor. The lattice thermal conductivity can be reduced by up to approximately 29% when the second phase is added. The highest ZT value achieved was approximately 1.3 at 923 K for both 2% SrSe-and 3% BaSe-containing samples, while the sample containing 4% CaSe showed a ZT value of approximately 1.2 at 923 K. The optimal samples have hole carrier concentration of 1-2 x 1020 cm-3. We attribute the high ZT values to the combination of broad-based phonon scattering on multiple length scales and favorable charge transport through coherent interfaces between the PbSe matrix and MSe.
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Citation: J Am Chem Soc. 2013 Mar 22. Link to article on publisher's site
Lee, Yeseul; Lo, Shih-Han; Androulakis, John; Wu, Chun-I; Zhao, Li-Dong; Chung, Duck-Young; Hogan, Timothy P.; Dravid, Vinayak P.; and Kanatzidis, Mercouri G., "High-Performance Tellurium-Free Thermoelectrics: All-Scale Hierarchical Structuring of p-Type PbSe-MSe Systems (M = Ca, Sr, Ba)" (2013). Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations. 1074.