Correlates of suicidality among patients with psychotic depression
Department of Psychiatry
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adult; Affective Disorders, Psychotic; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Cognition Disorders; Depressive Disorder, Major; Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; Female; Geriatric Assessment; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Risk Factors; Severity of Illness Index; Suicide; Suicide, Attempted
The independent association of age and other factors with suicidality in patients with major depression with psychotic features was examined. Of the 183 study participants, 21% had a suicide attempt during the current episode. Male gender, Hispanic background, past suicide attempt, higher depression scores, and higher cognitive scores were each independently associated with greater intensity of current suicidality. Older age was independently associated with a lower risk of a lifetime suicide attempt. These findings reinforce the evidence that patients with psychotic depression are at high risk for suicide and underscore the importance of examining correlates of suicidality specific to patients with psychotic depression.
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Citation: Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2008 Aug;38(4):403-14. Link to article on publisher's site
Schaffer, Ayal; Flint, Alastair J.; Smith, Eric; Rothschild, Anthony J.; Mulsant, Benoit H.; Szanto, Katalin; Peasley-Miklus, Catherine; Heo, Moonseong; Papademetriou, Eros; and Meyers, Barnett S., "Correlates of suicidality among patients with psychotic depression" (2008). Psychiatry Publications and Presentations. Paper 72.