Predictive accuracy in the neuroprediction of rearrest
Department of Psychiatry
Criminology | Mental and Social Health | Neuroscience and Neurobiology | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology
A recently published study by the present authors reported evidence that functional changes in the anterior cingulate cortex within a sample of 96 criminal offenders who were engaged in a Go/No-Go impulse control task significantly predicted their rearrest following release from prison. In an extended analysis, we use discrimination and calibration techniques to test the accuracy of these predictions relative to more traditional models and their ability to generalize to new observations in both full and reduced models. Modest to strong discrimination and calibration accuracy were found, providing additional support for the utility of neurobiological measures in predicting rearrest.
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Citation: Soc Neurosci. 2014;9(4):332-6. doi: 10.1080/17470919.2014.907201. Link to article on publisher's site
Aharoni, Eyal; Mallett, Joshua; Vincent, Gina M.; Harenski, Carla L.; Calhoun, Vince D.; Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter; Gazzaniga, Michael S.; and Kiehl, Kent A., "Predictive accuracy in the neuroprediction of rearrest" (2014). Psychiatry Publications and Presentations. 703.