The Development of Comorbid Conduct Problems in Children With ADHD: An Example of an Integrative Developmental Psychopathology Perspective
Department of Psychiatry
Mental and Social Health | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology
Objective: We describe interactions among factors that contribute to the development of conduct problems among children with ADHD.
Method: An integrative developmental psychopathology analysis combines various approaches and posits one model of how diverse risk factors operate together to contribute to the development of conduct problems among children with ADHD.
Results: Substantial genetic risk increases covariation between ADHD and conduct problems. Candidate genes are associated with CNS monoaminergic neurotransmission. Subsequent neurodevelopmental impairment interferes with executive function, with impaired verbal working memory playing an important role. Parent/child bi-directional influences exacerbate the risk for conduct problems when ADHD symptoms increase the likelihood of a coercive parenting style. Parent stress in reaction to child comorbid ADHD and conduct problems, and parent attribution for the child's conduct problem behavior, add to the potential for coercion and reduce constructive parent-child interaction that might otherwise enhance the development of verbal working memory.
Conclusion: In an integrated manner, these variables increase the risk that a child with ADHD will subsequently develop conduct problems. (J. of Att. Dis. 2013; XX(X) 1-XX).
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Citation: J Atten Disord. 2014 Jan 10. Link to article on publisher's site
Danforth, Jeffrey S.; Connor, Daniel F.; and Doerfler, Leonard A., "The Development of Comorbid Conduct Problems in Children With ADHD: An Example of an Integrative Developmental Psychopathology Perspective" (2014). Psychiatry Publications and Presentations. 694.