Using a Multidisciplinary Approach for Pregnant Women With Nicotine Dependence and Co-occurring Disorders
Department of Psychiatry
Medical Subject Headings
Smoking; Pregnant Women; Pregnancy; Smoking Cessation; Comorbidity
Mental and Social Health | Obstetrics and Gynecology | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology | Substance Abuse and Addiction | Women's Health
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of complications during pregnancy, including low birth weight and prematurity. While smoking prevalence among pregnant women has been declining, pregnant women with co-occurring disorders struggle with smoking cessation not only because they are managing their psychiatric and substance-related conditions but also because they are at greater risk for a number of psychosocial stressors, such as poverty, domestic violence, and limited support. In addition, obstetric, substance abuse, and psychiatric treatment for pregnant women is often fragmented and uncoordinated, resulting in poor health outcomes for mother and baby. The goal of this clinical forum is to demonstrate the potential for multidisciplinary treatment providers and community members to work together toward successfully meeting the complex needs of pregnant women with co-occurring disorders. Following the case presentation, we outline the ways in which patients and their obstetric, psychiatric, and substance abuse treatment providers can work together as a team, often incorporating members of the broader community. In this context, we provide brief overviews of effective pharmacotherapy approaches, psychosocial interventions, as well as community-based interventions for tobacco cessation among pregnant women with co-occurring disorders. In addition, we outline an organizational change model to systematically address tobacco use in clinical settings that serve these patients. We demonstrate that even small efforts to coordinate care can have large payoffs in terms of outcomes for mothers and their babies.