Adolescent tobacco use and dependence: assessment and treatment strategies
Department of Psychiatry
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adolescent Health Services; Humans; Patient Care Planning; Practice Guidelines as Topic; Risk Factors; Smoking; *Smoking Cessation; Tobacco Use Disorder
Tobacco use is common among children and adolescents, and about 50% who try smoking will progress to regular use and dependence. Tobacco dependence is best conceptualized as a pediatric disease that should be addressed in adolescence. This article focuses on tobacco dependence, assessment and treatment, including goals of abstinence and exposure reduction. Although more research is needed, treatment success is more likely to occur with multicomponent interventions that are tailored to the individual needs and the unique issues for this age group, including issues of parental involvement and consent for treatment, developmental issues, and patient preferences. Several school-based interventions appear promising, and many resources are available to provide education for parents, youth, and health care providers.
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Citation: Adolesc Med Clin. 2006 Jun;17(2):381-410. Link to article on publisher's site
Ziedonis, Douglas M.; Haberstroh, Shane; Hanos Zimmermann, Mia; Miceli, Mark; and Foulds, Jonathan, "Adolescent tobacco use and dependence: assessment and treatment strategies" (2006). Psychiatry Publications and Presentations. 212.