Smoking stage of change and interest in an emergency department-based intervention
Department of Psychiatry; Department of Emergency Medicine
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adult; Counseling; *Emergency Service, Hospital; Female; Health Behavior; Health Care Surveys; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Motivation; Multivariate Analysis; New Jersey; Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Prospective Studies; Regression Analysis; Smoking Cessation
Emergency Medicine | Psychiatry
OBJECTIVES: To examine factors associated with motivation to quit smoking and interest in an emergency department (ED)-based intervention.
METHODS: Consecutive ED patients 18 years of age and older were interviewed. Severely ill and cognitively disabled patients were excluded. Smoking history, stage of change, self-efficacy, presence of a smoking-related illness, interest in an ED-based smoking intervention, and screening/counseling by the patient's ED provider were assessed.
RESULTS: A total of 1,461 of 2,314 patients (64%) were interviewed. A total of 581 (40%) currently smoked, with 21% in precontemplation (no intention to quit), 43% in contemplation (intention to quit but not within the next 30 days), and 36% in preparation (intention to quit within the next 30 days). Approximately 50% indicated a willingness to remain 15 extra minutes in the ED to receive counseling. Only 8% received counseling by their ED provider. A regression analysis showed that greater readiness to change was associated with multiple lifetime quit attempts, presence of a quit attempt in the past 30 days, and higher self-efficacy. Interest in an ED-based intervention was more likely among patients who reported higher self-efficacy.
CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 50% of smokers reported at least moderate interest in an ED-based intervention and a willingness to stay 15 extra minutes, but only 8% reported receiving counseling during their ED visit. Considering time and resource constraints, counseling/referral may be best suited for patients characterized by a strong desire to quit, multiple previous quit attempts, high self-efficacy, a smoking-related ED visit, and strong interest in ED-based counseling.
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Citation: Acad Emerg Med. 2005 Mar;12(3):211-8. Link to article on publisher's site