The Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center (SPARC) at the University of Massachusetts Medical School conducts research to enhance services, improve the quality of life, and promote recovery for people with behavioral health conditions. SPARC, previously the Center for Mental Health Services Research (CMHSR), was created in 1993 when it was designated a Center of Excellence for Psychosocial and Systems Research by the Massachusetts Department of Mental Health (DMH).

Our mission mirrors DMH's commitment to collaborating with other state agencies, consumers, families, advocates, providers, and communities. We strive for the broadest possible dissemination of our research with the goal of informing all stakeholders as to the state of the science. DMH and SPARC are aligned in their vision of promoting mental health through early intervention, treatment, education, policy and regulation to provide opportunities for citizens of the Commonwealth to live full and productive lives.

Our Center has internationally recognized expertise in program development, services research, quantitative and qualitative research methods, forensic/legal and human rights issues, child and family mental health issues, transitional youth, and co-occurring disorders.

This collection showcases journal articles and other publications and presentations written by faculty and researchers of the Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center.

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Publications from 2007

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Revisiting Mental Health Issues in Young Immigrants: A Lesson Learned from the Virginia Tech Massacre, Sun S. Kim and Geri Duckson

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Nicotine and ADHD: Cognitive Association, Jean A. King and Victoria Rossi

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A competency-based approach to managing violence with involuntary outpatient treatment, Ted Lawlor, Albert J. Grudzinskas Jr., Jeffrey L. Geller, and Michael Genovese

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Hindsight bias among psychiatrists, H. W. LeBourgeois III, Debra A. Pinals, Valerie Williams, and Paul S. Appelbaum

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Violence and mental illness: a new analytic approach, Charles W. Lidz, Steven M. Banks, Lorna J. Simon, Carol A. Schubert, and Edward P. Mulvey

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Confounding effects of volatile anesthesia on CBV assessment in rodent forebrain following ethanol challenge, Feng Luo, Zhixin Li, Steven N. Treistman, Young Ro Kim, Jean A. King, Gerard B. Fox, and Craig F. Ferris

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A preliminary study of spiritual self-schema (3-S(+)) therapy for reducing impulsivity in HIV-positive drug users, Arthur Margolin, Zev Schuman-Olivier, Mark Beitel, Ruth M. Arnold, Carl E. Fulwiler, and S. Kelly Avants

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Characteristics of Contemporary Clubhouses: Results from International Clubhouse Surveys, Colleen E. McKay

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Health promotion in clubhouse programs: needs, barriers, and current and planned activities, Colleen E. McKay and John R. Pelletier

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Costs of clubhouses: an international perspective, Colleen E. McKay, Brian T. Yates, and Matthew Johnsen

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Youth with psychopathy features are not a discrete class: a taxometric analysis, Daniel C. Murrie, David K. Marcus, Kevin S. Douglas, Zina Lee, Randall T. Salekin, and Gina M. Vincent

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A qualitative study of programs for parents with serious mental illness and their children: building practice-based evidence, Joanne Nicholson, Beth R. Hinden, Kathleen Biebel, Alexis D. Henry, and Judith Katz-Leavy

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Acculturation, gender, and alcohol use among Mexican American college students, Marcela Raffaelli, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Maria I. Iturbide, Meredith McGinley, Gustavo Carlo, and Lisa J. Crockett

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A neuropsychiatry service in a state hospital. Adolf Meyer's approach revisited, Joseph M. Tonkonogy and Jeffrey L. Geller

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Identifying potential risk and protective factors among non-metropolitan Latino youth: cultural implications for substance use research, Rosalie A. Torres Stone and Deanna Meyler

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Measuring homelessness and residential stability: The residential time-line follow-back inventory, Sam Tsemberis, Gregory McHugo, Valerie F. Williams, Patricia Hanrahan, and Ana Stefancic

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Prospects for remediating juveniles’ adjudicative incompetence, Jodi L. Viljoen and Thomas Grisso

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Teaching adolescents and adults about adjudicative proceedings: a comparison of pre- and post-teaching scores on the MacCAT-CA, Jodi L. Viljoen, Candice L. Odgers, Thomas Grisso, and Chad E. Tillbrook

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Connectedness and citizenship: redefining social integration, Norma C. Ware, Kim Hopper, Toni Tugenberg, Barbara Dickey, and Daniel B. Fisher

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Integrating behavioral health services for homeless mothers and children in primary care, Linda F. Weinreb, Joanne Nicholson, Valerie Williams, and Frances Anthes

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Procedures and Policies: Good Practice and Appropriate Uses of Screening Results, Valerie F. Williams

Publications from 2006

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Juvenile sex offenders: a complex population, Joel T. Andrade, Gina M. Vincent, and Fabian M. Saleh

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Orbitofrontal correlates of aggression and impulsivity in psychiatric patients, Ami Sheth Antonucci, David A. Gansler, Simon Tan, Rafeeque A. Bhadelia, Sam Patz, and Carl E. Fulwiler

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Clinical ethics versus clinical research, Paul S. Appelbaum and Charles W. Lidz

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Challenges for a System of Care, Kathleen Biebel and Jeffrey L. Geller

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A national survey of state mental health authority programs and policies for clients who are parents: a decade later, Kathleen Biebel, Joanne Nicholson, Jeffrey L. Geller, and William H. Fisher

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The need to understand IRB deliberations, Philip J. Candilis, Charles W. Lidz, and Robert M. Arnold

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Commentary: the higher standards of aspirational ethics, Philip J. Candilis and Richard Martinez

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Within-state availability of transition-to-adulthood services for youths with serious mental health conditions, Maryann Davis, Jeffrey L. Geller, and Bethany Hunt

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The Great Divide: How Mental Health Policy Fails Young Adults, Maryann Davis and Nancy Koroloff

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A Public Health Framework for the State Mental Health Authority: A Call for Action by Massachusetts Consumers and Family Members, Jonathan Delman

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Using Organizational Data to Create the Essential Context for System Transformation in Child Welfare, William Deveney and Joanne Nicholson

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Emerging empirical evidence on the ethics of schizophrenia research, Laura B. Dunn, Philip J. Candilis, and Laura Weiss Roberts

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Empowering and Demedicalized Case Management Practices: Perspectives of Mental Health Consumer Leaders and Professionals, Marsha Langer Ellison and Erin C. Dunn

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Men's adjustment to their partners' breast cancer: a dyadic coping perspective, Barry N. Feldman and C. Anne Broussard

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The Influence of relational factors on men's adjustment to their partners' newly-diagnosed breast cancer, Barry N. Feldman and C. Anne Broussard

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Social work education in suicide intervention and prevention: an unmet need, Barry N. Feldman and Stacey Freedenthal

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Functional magnetic resonance imaging in conscious animals: a new tool in behavioural neuroscience research, Craig F. Ferris, Marcelo Febo, Feng Luo, Karl F. Schmidt, Mathew E. Brevard, Josie A. Harder, Praveen P. Kulkarni, Tara L. Messenger, and Jean A. King

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From Relief to Recovery: Peer Support by Consumers Relieves the Traumas of Disasters and Facilitates Recovery from Mental Illness, Daniel B. Fisher, Kay Rote, LaVerne Miller, David Romprey, and Beth Filson

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Introduction: Children, Adolescents, and Mental Health Services Research: An Overview of Emerging Perspective, William H. Fisher

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Patterns and prevalence of arrest in a statewide cohort of mental health care consumers, William H. Fisher, Kristen M. Roy-Bujnowski, Albert J. Grudzinskas, Jonathan C. Clayfield, Steven M. Banks, and Nancy Wolff

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Beyond criminalization: toward a criminologically informed framework for mental health policy and services research, William H. Fisher, Eric Silver, and Nancy Wolff

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Research sponsorship, financial relationships, and the process of research in pharmaceutical clinical trials, William P. Gardner and Charles W. Lidz

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A history of private psychiatric hospitals in the USA: from start to almost finished, Jeffrey L. Geller

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Avoiding extinction: successful private psychiatric hospitals in the opening decade of the twenty-first century, Jeffrey L. Geller

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First-person accounts: the importance of being honest, Jeffrey L. Geller

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The evolution of outpatient commitment in the USA: from conundrum to quagmire, Jeffrey L. Geller

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The premature demise of public child and adolescent inpatient psychiatric beds : Part II: challenges and implications, Jeffrey L. Geller and Kathleen Biebel

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The premature demise of public child and adolescent inpatient psychiatric beds : part I: overview and current conditions, Jeffrey L. Geller and Kathleen Biebel

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Involuntary outpatient treatment as "desintitutionalized coercion": the net-widening concerns, Jeffrey L. Geller, William H. Fisher, Albert J. Grudzinskas Jr., Jonathan C. Clayfield, and Ted Lawlor

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Adolescents' Decision Making: A Developmental Perspective on Constitutional Provisions in Delinquency Cases, Thomas Grisso

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Appreciating Anorexia: Decisional Capacity and the Role of Values, Thomas Grisso and Paul S. Appelbaum

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Developmental Research and the Child Advocacy Process, Thomas Grisso and Laurence Steinberg

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Examining the utility of the PCL:SV as a screening measure using competing factor models of psychopathy, Laura S. Guy and Kevin S. Douglas

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Gender differences in attitudes toward psychopathic sexual offenders, Laura S. Guy and John F. Edens

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Investigating the M-FAST: psychometric properties and utility to detect diagnostic specific malingering, Laura S. Guy, Phylissa P. Kwartner, and Holly A. Miller

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A survey of programs for parents with mental illness and their families: Identifying common elements to build the evidence base, Beth R. Hinden, Kathleen Biebel, Joanne Nicholson, Alexis D. Henry, and Judith Katz-Leavy

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Aggression toward forensic evaluators: a statewide survey, Naomi Leavitt, Helene Presskreischer, Patricia Maykuth, and Thomas Grisso

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Mammography screening after breast cancer diagnosis in a first degree female relative: age group differences (United States), Stephenie C. Lemon, Jane G. Zapka, Lynn Clemow, Barbara Estabrook, and Kenneth E. Fletcher

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The therapeutic misconception and our models of competency and informed consent, Charles W. Lidz

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Employment transitions for Clubhouse members, Colleen E. McKay, Matthew Johnsen, Steven M. Banks, and Reva Stein

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The classification of violence risk, John Monahan, Henry J. Steadman, Paul S. Appelbaum, Thomas Grisso, Edward P. Mulvey, Loren H. Roth, Pamela Clark Robbins, Steven M. Banks, and Eric Silver

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Substance use and community violence: a test of the relation at the daily level, Edward P. Mulvey, Candice L. Odgers, Jennifer L. Skeem, William P. Gardner, Carol A. Schubert, and Charles W. Lidz

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Frontline Reports: The Clubhouse Family Legal Support Project for parents with mental illness, Kate Nemens and Joanne Nicholson

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A comparison of mothers with co-occurring disorders and histories of violence living with or separated from minor children, Joanne Nicholson, Norma Finkelstein, Valerie Williams, Jennifer Thom, Chanson Noether, and Megan DeVilbiss

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The competence-related abilities of adolescent defendants in criminal court, Norman G. Poythress, Frances J. Lexcen, Thomas Grisso, and Laurence Steinberg

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Ethical principles and practices for research involving human participants with mental illness, Laura Weiss Roberts, Philip J. Candilis, and Jeffrey A. Lieberman

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RPRS Manual: Recovery Promoting Relationships Scale, Zlatka Russinova, E. Sally Rogers, and Marsha Langer Ellison

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An Integrated Look at Dually Diagnosed Female Sex Offenders and the Law, Fabian M. Saleh, R. Gregg Dwyer, and Albert J. Grudzinskas Jr.

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Psychiatric symptoms and community violence among high-risk patients: A test of the relationship at the weekly level, Jennifer L. Skeem, Carol A. Schubert, Candice L. Odgers, Edward P. Mulvey, William P. Gardner, and Charles W. Lidz

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Beyond Asian American: Examining Conditions and Mechanisms of Earnings Inequality for Filipina and Asian Indian Women, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Bandana Purkayastha, and Terceira A. Berdahl

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Traditional practices, traditional spirituality, and alcohol cessation among American Indians, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Les B. Whitbeck, Xiaojin Chen, Kurt Johnson, and Debbie M. Olson

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Assessing Adolescent Defendants' Adjudicative Competence: Interrater Reliability and Factor Structure of the Fitness Interview Test–Revised, Jodi L. Viljoen, Gina M. Vincent, and Ronald Roesch

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Psychopathy and violence risk assessment in youth, Gina M. Vincent

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Understanding the Downward Extension of Psychopathy to Youth: Implications for Risk Assessment and Juvenile Justice, Michael J. Vitacco and Gina M. Vincent

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How Are We Preparing Students With Emotional Disturbances for the Transition to Young Adulthood? Findings From the National Longitudinal Transition Study—2, Mary Wagner and Maryann Davis

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A comparison of the health and mental health status of homeless mothers in Worcester, Mass: 1993 and 2003, Linda F. Weinreb, John C. Buckner, Valerie Williams, and Joanne Nicholson

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Together for Kids: Three-Year Project Report: A Project Administered by Community Healthlink, Inc., Melodie Wenz-Gross, Carole C. Upshur, and Lynn Hennigan

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Children's use of motor vehicle restraints: maternal psychological distress, maternal motor vehicle restraint practices, and sociodemographics, Whitney P. Witt, Lisa R. Fortuna, Eijean Wu, Robert S. Kahn, Jonathan P. Winickoff, Paul A. Pirraglia, Timothy G. Ferris, and Karen Kuhlthau

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Relationship and distress in relatives of breast cancer patients, Jane G. Zapka, Gene Fisher, Stephenie C. Lemon, Lynn Clemow, and Kenneth E. Fletcher

Publications from 2005

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The new research ethic: will oversight requirements sink forensic research, Philip J. Candilis, Rasim Arikan, Sheila B. Noone, and Jacob C. Holzer

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Willingness of subjects with thought disorder to participate in research, Philip J. Candilis, Cynthia M. A. Geppert, Kenneth E. Fletcher, Charles W. Lidz, and Paul S. Appelbaum

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E Pluribus Unum: Creating a Multi-Organizational Structure for Serving Arrestees with Serious Mental Illness, Jonathan C. Clayfield, Albert J. Grudzinskas Jr., William H. Fisher, and Kristen M. Roy-Bujnowski

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The influence of psychosocial maturity on male juvenile offenders' comprehension and understanding of the Miranda warning, Lori H. Colwell, Keith R. Cruise, Laura S. Guy, Wendy K. McCoy, Krissie Fernandez, and Heather H. Ross

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State Efforts To Expand Transition Supports for Young Adults Receiving Adult Public Mental Health Services, Maryann Davis and Bethany Hunt

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Where are Bridges Needed: Relationships Between Youth and Adult Services Before Strengthening the Transition System, Maryann Davis, Matthew Johnsen, Nancy Koroloff, Barbara E. Starrett, Colleen E. McKay, Michael Pullmann, Diane Sondheimer, and Lynwood Gordon

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Summary of Center for Mental Health Services Youth Transition Policy Meeting: National Experts Panel, Maryann Davis and Chris Koyanagi

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State child mental health efforts to support youth in transition to adulthood, Maryann Davis and Diane L. Sondheimer

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Assessing consumer satisfaction in the Massachusetts Behavioral Health Partnership, Jonathan Delman and Richard H. Beinecke

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Relationship of quality of life and perceived control with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms 3 to 6 months after myocardial infarction, Leonard A. Doerfler, John A. Paraskos, and Lori Piniarski

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HCR-20 Violence Risk Assessment Scheme: Overview and Annotated Bibliography, Kevin S. Douglas, Laura S. Guy, Kim A. Reeves, and John Weir

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Conducting Your First AP-LS Conference Presentation: Improving the Experience for Yourself and Your Audience, John F. Edens, John Petrila, Laura S. Guy, and Barry Rosenfeld

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People with schizophrenia employed as professionals and managers: initial evidence and exploration, Marsha Langer Ellison, Zlatka Russinova, Joseph Massaro, and Asya Lyass

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Authors' reports about research integrity problems in clinical trials, William P. Gardner, Charles W. Lidz, and Kathryn C. Hartwig

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A view of American psychiatry, Jeffrey L. Geller

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Against the grain? A reasoned argument for not closing a state hospital, Jeffrey L. Geller, Helen Shore, Albert J. Grudzinskas Jr., and Paul S. Appelbaum

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Clinical Evaluations for Juveniles' Competence to Stand Trial: A Guide for Legal Professionals, Thomas Grisso

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Commentary on “Empirical and Ethical Problems with Custody Recommendations": What Now?, Thomas Grisso

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Evaluating Juveniles' Adjudicative Competence: A Guide for Clinical Practice, Thomas Grisso

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Juvenile Court Clinical Services: A National Description, Thomas Grisso and Judith Quinlan