The validity of mental patients' accounts of coercion-related behaviors in the hospital admission process
Department of Psychiatry
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; *Coercion; *Commitment of Mentally Ill; Female; Health Services Research; *Hospitals, Psychiatric; Humans; Male; Medical History Taking; Mental Disorders; Patient Admission; Pennsylvania; Reproducibility of Results; Truth Disclosure; Virginia
Health Services Research | Law | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology
Although the recent development of a measure for perceived coercion has led to great progress in research on coercion in psychiatric settings, there still exists no consensus on how to measure the existence of real coercive events or pressures. This article reports the development of a system for integrating chart review data and data from interviews with multiple participants in the decision for an individual to be admitted to a psychiatric hospital. The method generates a "most plausible factual account" (MPFA). We then compare this account with that of patients, admitting clinicians and other collateral informants in 171 cases. Patient accounts most closely approximate the MPFA on all but one of nine dimensions related to coercion. This may be due to wider knowledge of the events surrounding the admission.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: Law Hum Behav. 1997 Aug;21(4):361-76.
Lidz, Charles W.; Mulvey, Edward P.; Hoge, Steven K.; Kirsch, Brenda L.; Monahan, John; Bennett, Nancy S.; Eisenberg, Marlene M.; Gardner, William; and Roth, Loren H., "The validity of mental patients' accounts of coercion-related behaviors in the hospital admission process" (1997). Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center Publications and Presentations. Paper 93.