A fine-grained analysis of the role of self-efficacy in self-initiated attempts to quit smoking

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry



Document Type


Medical Subject Headings

Adaptation, Psychological; Adolescent; Adult; Female; Humans; Internal-External Control; Male; *Motivation; *Self Concept; Smoking


Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychiatry and Psychology | Psychology | Substance Abuse and Addiction


The relation between self-efficacy ratings and smoking behavior was explored among 36 people who were trying to quit smoking on their own. Self-efficacy was predictive of smoking outcome, but there was considerable intersubject variability in the strength of the relation between efficacy and smoking behavior. Both efficacy and previous smoking behavior predicted smoking outcome equally well, however.


Citation: J Consult Clin Psychol. 1990 Jun;58(3):317-22. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.58.3.317

At the time of publication, Leonard Doerfler was not yet affiliated with the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed