Title

Brain Dysfunction and Community Violence in Patients With Major Mental Illness

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Date

2-1-2009

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Violence; Mental Disorders; Brain Injuries; Brain Diseases; Substance-Related Disorders

Disciplines

Health Services Research | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology

Abstract

The objective of this study is to determine whether violence in psychiatric patients is associated with brain dysfunction independent of substance abuse. Psychiatric inpatients with a history of violent behavior in the community were compared to nonviolent inpatients on several variables related to brain dysfunction. The two groups were similar in terms of demographics and psychiatric diagnosis. No significant differences were found in neuropsychological function, but violent patients were significantly more likely to have co-occurring substance abuse and nearly 4 times more likely to have a history of closed-head injury. Logistic regression revealed that the association between violence and head injury can be explained by comorbid substance abuse.

Rights and Permissions

Dinn WA, Gansler D, Moczynski N, Fulwiler C: Brain Dysfunction and Community Violence in Patients with Major Mental Illness Criminal Justice & Behavior 36 (2), 117-136, 2009.