Pediatric violence-related injuries in Boston: results of a city-wide emergency department surveillance program
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Academic Medical Centers; Adolescent; Age Distribution; Boston; Child; Child Welfare; Child, Preschool; Emergency Service, Hospital; Female; Health Care Surveys; Hospitals, General; Hospitals, Pediatric; Humans; Incidence; Male; Population Surveillance; Prospective Studies; Regression Analysis; Retrospective Studies; Sex Distribution; Urban Health; Violence; Wounds and Injuries
Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Emergency Medicine | Pediatrics | Preventative Medicine
CONTEXT: Violence-related injuries among children are common, but age-based incidence data are not easily available.
OBJECTIVES: To describe injuries due to violence in a population-based case series of children and to estimate injury incidence.
DESIGN: Prospective surveillance of children residing in Boston, Mass, who received pediatric emergency department treatment for violence-related injury during a 4-year period beginning April 15, 1995.
SETTING: Pediatric emergency departments in Boston.
PATIENTS: Children aged 3 through 18 years who came to a hospital emergency department between April 1995 and April 1999. Violence-related injuries were defined as those resulting from a situation of conflict involving 2 or more persons with intent to harm, as assessed by health care personnel caring for the patients. Self-inflicted injuries and injuries caused by child abuse (including any injury resulting from a conflict with a parent or guardian) were excluded. Homicides of Boston children aged 3 through 18 years who were killed during the study period were included based on police data.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Population-based violence-related injury rates.
RESULTS: There were 2035 injury-related visits caused by violence, which reflects a rate of 52.7 (95% confidence interval, 50.5-54.9) per 10 000 person-years. Most injuries were relatively minor; 6.4% of visits resulted in admission. The youth violence-related injury rate in Boston declined at an average rate of 12% annually during the period studied.
CONCLUSION: Pediatric emergency department monitoring of violence-related injury in Boston suggests that childhood injuries due to violence declined during the late 1990s.
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Citation: Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002 Jan;156(1):73-6. doi:10.1001/archpedi.156.1.73.