Demographic, geographic, and temporal patterns of ambulance runs for suspected opiate overdose in Rhode Island, 1997-20021
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Ambulances; Child; Child, Preschool; Continental Population Groups; Databases, Factual; Demography; Drug Overdose; Female; Geography; Humans; Infant; Male; Middle Aged; Naloxone; Opioid-Related Disorders; Rhode Island
Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Clinical Epidemiology | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Epidemiology | Preventive Medicine
We examine ambulance runs for suspected opiate overdose from 1997 to 2002 using a Rhode Island Department of Health database. Of the 8,763 ambulance runs for overdoses, 18.6% were for suspected opiate overdoses. Most cases were males under age 54. Suspected opiate overdoses were more likely to occur in a private residence, were more frequent on Fridays and Saturdays, and peaked in incidence around 9:00 p.m. The incidence rate of suspected opiate overdose by year was similar. The study results may help identify areas for preventive intervention and demonstrate the limitation of using naloxone as a marker of opiate overdose events.
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Citation: Merchant RC, Schwartzapfel BL, Wolf FA, Li W, Carlson L, Rich JD. Demographic, geographic, and temporal patterns of ambulance runs for suspected opiate overdose in Rhode Island, 1997-20021. Subst Use Misuse. 2006;41(9):1209-26. Link to article on publisher's site
Merchant, Roland C.; Schwartzapfel, Beth L.; Wolf, Francis A.; Li, Wenjun; Carlson, Lynn; and Rich, Josiah D., "Demographic, geographic, and temporal patterns of ambulance runs for suspected opiate overdose in Rhode Island, 1997-20021" (2006). Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations. 299.