Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Food Habits; Diet; Health Behavior; Hispanic Americans; Beverages; Diabetes Mellitus
Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Preventative Medicine
This study sought to describe beverage consumption, caloric contribution of beverages to total caloric intake, and associations between beverage consumption and metabolic factors among a sample of low-income Hispanics participating in a trial of a diabetes self-management intervention. Findings: Treatment strategies to improve glucose control and reduce diabetes complications among Hispanics are needed. There is a high consumption of calories from beverages, accounting for one-fifth of total caloric intake, among this high-risk Hispanic population. Milk, juices, fruit drinks and regular soda are particular sources of calories. Beverage consumption is associated with metabolic markers, including HbA1c, cholesterol, blood pressure, BMI and waist circumference, and may thus increase risk for diabetic and cardiovascular complications in this population. Beverage consumption among low-income Hispanics warrants further clinical and research attention, including development of interventions that target all liquid calories, not just sugar-sweetened beverages. Targeting beverage consumption through simple messages that are in line with the literacy challenges posed by this population may be feasible. The vast benefit of clarifying a single food group that can be modified to reduce risk factors of diabetes and obesity in this population cannot be overstated.
Citation: Rosal M, Lemon S, Olendzki B. Beverage Consumption Among Low-Income Hispanics with Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes. American Diabetes Association annual conference, June 25 - 29, 2010, Orlando, Florida.
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