Title

A path analysis of factors associated with distress among first-degree female relatives of women with breast cancer diagnosis

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; Department of Psychiatry

Date

5-25-2006

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Adaptation, Psychological; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Breast Neoplasms; Cross-Sectional Studies; *Family; Female; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Massachusetts; Middle Aged; New Hampshire; Questionnaires; *Stress, Psychological

Disciplines

Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Preventative Medicine

Abstract

Patterns and predictors of psychological distress in first-degree female relatives (N = 624) of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were explored. First-degree female relatives who were high monitors reported greater cancer-specific and general distress than did low monitors. Greater optimism was associated with lower cancer-specific distress. Optimism's effect on general distress was moderated by women's level of monitoring. Greater optimism was associated with lower general distress for both high and low monitors, but the effect was stronger for high monitors than for low monitors. Avoidance and engaged coping were associated with higher distress. A close relationship with the cancer patient was related to higher cancer-specific distress but lower general distress. Further understanding of the process of adjustment in these women awaits longitudinal study.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Health Psychol. 2006 May;25(3):413-24. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

16719614