The Effects of Treatments for Depression on Perceived Failure in Self-Regulation
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Depression; Depressive Disorder; Social Control, Informal; Self Concept
Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Preventive Medicine
Two studies examined the effect of treatments for depression on perceived failure in self-regulation, operationalized as within-self discrepancy. In Study 1, patients received group cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT); in Study 2, patients received either individual CBT, interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), or medication. Treatments showed equivalent efficacy, but only psychotherapy was associated with decreased self-discrepancy and priming reactivity. Highly self-discrepant patients showed less improvement than other patients in all treatments, even after controlling for initial severity. The findings suggest that treatments differ in their impact on self-regulatory cognition, and that highly self-discrepant patients may require longer or alternative treatment.
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Citation: Strauman, T. J., Kolden, G. G., Stromquist, V., Davis, N., Kwapil, L., Heerey, E., & Schneider, K. (2001). The effects of treatments for depression on perceived failure in self-regulation. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 693-712. Link to article on publisher's website
Strauman, Timothy J.; Kolden, Gregory G.; Stromquist, Valerie; Davis, Nancy; Kwapil, Lori; Heerey, Erin; and Schneider, Kristin L., "The Effects of Treatments for Depression on Perceived Failure in Self-Regulation" (2001). Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations. 121.