Title

Effects of a multicomponent intervention on motivation and sun protection behaviors among midwestern beachgoers

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine

Date

8-28-2003

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Adult; Algorithms; Bathing Beaches; Female; Follow-Up Studies; *Health Behavior; Heliotherapy; Humans; Male; Midwestern United States; *Motivation; Protective Clothing; Questionnaires; Skin Neoplasms; Sunburn; Sunscreening Agents

Disciplines

Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Preventive Medicine

Abstract

Skin cancer is the most prevalent of all cancers in the United States. Although avoiding sun exposure and using sun protection reduces skin cancer risk, rates of such behaviors are moderate at best. The present study examined the impact of a multicomponent intervention that aimed to increase the saliency of skin cancer risk while promoting the use of sun protection. Midwestern beachgoers (n = 100) participated in an intervention or questionnaire-only control group. Sun protection, stage of change, and sun exposure were measured at baseline and 2-month follow-up. The intervention group significantly improved in sun protection use and stage of change, but not sun exposure, compared with the control group. Personalizing the risks of unprotected sun exposure combined with providing education about sun protection facilitated healthy changes in behavior and motivation.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Effects of a multicomponent intervention on motivation and sun protection behaviors among midwestern beachgoers. Pagoto, Sherry; McChargue, Dennis; Fuqua, R. Wayne Health Psychology, Vol 22(4), Jul 2003, 429-433. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.22.4.429

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

12940400