Randomized controlled trial for behavioral smoking and weight control treatment: effect of concurrent versus sequential intervention
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Adult; Behavior Therapy; Exercise; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Obesity; Smoking; Smoking Cessation; Time Factors; *Weight Gain
Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Preventive Medicine
The authors compared simultaneous versus sequential approaches to multiple health behavior change in diet, exercise, and cigarette smoking. Female regular smokers (N = 315) randomized to 3 conditions received 16 weeks of behavioral smoking treatment, quit smoking at Week 5, and were followed for 9 months after quit date. Weight management was omitted for control and was added to the 1st 8 weeks for early diet (ED) and the final 8 weeks for late diet (LD). ED lacked lasting effect on weight gain, whereas LD initially lacked but gradually acquired a weight-suppression effect that stabilized (p = .004). Behavioral weight control did not undermine smoking cessation and, when initiated after the smoking quit date, slowed the rate of weight gain, supporting a sequential approach.
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Citation: J Consult Clin Psychol. 2004 Oct;72(5):785-96. Link to article on publisher's site
Spring, Bonnie J.; Pagoto, Sherry L.; Pingitore, Regina; Doran, Neal; Schneider, Kristin L.; and Hedeker, Donald, "Randomized controlled trial for behavioral smoking and weight control treatment: effect of concurrent versus sequential intervention" (2004). Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations. 104.