ATP as a source of interstitial adenosine in the rat heart
Department of Physiology
Adenosine; Adenosine Triphosphate; Animals; Calcium; Male; Myocardial Contraction; Myocardium; Norepinephrine; Perfusion; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Stellate Ganglion
The contribution of neuronal ATP to interstitial adenosine levels was investigated in isolated perfused rat hearts. Ventricular surface transudates, representing interstitial fluid, were analyzed for norepinephrine, ATP, and adenosine. Exocytotic release of norepinephrine was induced by electrical stimulation of cardiac efferents emanating from the stellate ganglion. Ganglion stimulation increased contractility, interstitial norepinephrine, ATP, and adenosine. Interstitial adenosine was 11- to 27-fold higher than interstitial ATP, suggesting that the released ATP is unlikely the only source of adenosine. In the presence of AOPCP (alpha,beta-methyleneadenosine 5'-diphosphate), an ecto-5'-nucleotidase inhibitor, the ganglion-stimulated increase in interstitial ATP and adenosine reached levels similar to those in the absence of AOPCP, also suggesting that adenosine does not derive from extracellular ATP. The perfusate Ca2+ was raised from 1 to 4 mM to determine the importance of the enhanced contractile function on the levels of norepinephrine, ATP, and adenosine. The results were increases in contractility and interstitial norepinephrine, ATP, and adenosine, which were not suppressed with atenolol, indicating a norepinephrine-independent release of ATP and adenosine. Reserpine treatment and administration of guanethidine depleted the catecholamine stores and diminished the catecholamine release, respectively. However, neither agent altered Ca2+-induced increases in ATP and adenosine. It is concluded that the amount of neuronal-derived ATP is low and most likely does not contribute significantly to interstitial levels of adenosine. Furthermore, elevations in interstitial norepinephrine, ATP, and adenosine are associated with neuronal-independent increases in contractile function.
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Citation: Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1999 Aug;77(8):579-88.