Biochemical changes accompanying enhanced cardiac contractility by ionophore A23187
Department of Physiology
Animals; Calcimycin; Calcium; Cyclic AMP; Cyclic GMP; Enzyme Activation; Guinea Pigs; Isoproterenol; Myocardial Contraction; Myocardium; Phosphates; Propranolol; Protein Kinases
Cardiovascular Diseases | Physiology
We have reported that the divalent cation ionophore A23187, like the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol, increased the force of contraction and rate of relaxation and shortened the duration of contraction of papillary muscles isolated from guinea pigs. A23187 produced a fall in resting tension and decreased the contracture tension of K +/- depolarized muscles, as did isoproterenol. In the present studies, isoproterenol produced a concentration-dependent, rapid, and sustained increase in the cyclic AMP (cAMP) content of papillary muscle. In contrast, A23187 had no detectable effect on cAMP levels, even in the presence of the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, papaverine. Neither drug, at concentrations maximal for contractile effects, altered cyclic GMP (cGMP). Isoproterenol increased the cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity ratio, whereas A23187 did not change the activity of this enzyme. However, both A23187 and isoproterenol produced a concentration-dependent increase in phosphorylase activity. Concentrations of A23187 or isoproterenol that enhanced contractility maximally increased the alkali-labile phosphate (by ca. 35%) but were without effect on the acid-labile, alkali-stable phosphate in the total acid precipitable protein. Contractile effects of isoproterenol, which reflect activated Ca2+ uptake, and the increase in phosphorylase activity produced by this agent are believed to be due to an increase in cAMP with subsequent activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinases and phosphorylation of proteins. A23187 may produce similar contractile effects without an increase in cAMP or cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity by activating other protein kinases and/or inhibiting phosphoprotein phosphatases, most likely by its effects on intracellular calcium.
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Citation: Am J Physiol. 1985 Dec;249(6 Pt 2):H1204-10.