Adenosine A1 receptor-mediated antiadrenergic effects are modulated by A2a receptor activation in rat heart
Department of Physiology
Adenosine; Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists; Animals; Calcium; Drug Synergism; Heart; Intracellular Membranes; Male; Myocardium; Osmolar Concentration; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Receptors, Purinergic P1; Triazines; Triazoles
Presently, the physiological significance of myocardial adenosine A2a receptor stimulation is unclear. In this study, the influence of adenosine A2a receptor activation on A1 receptor-mediated antiadrenergic actions was studied using constant-flow perfused rat hearts and isolated rat ventricular myocytes. In isolated perfused hearts, the selective A2a receptor antagonists 8-(3-chlorostyryl)caffeine (CSC) and 4-(2-[7-amino-2-(2-furyl)[1,2, 4]triazolo[2,3-a][1,3,5]triazin-5-ylamino]ethyl)phenol (ZM-241385) potentiated adenosine-mediated decreases in isoproterenol (Iso; 10(-8) M)-elicited contractile responses (+dP/dtmax) in a dose-dependent manner. The effect of ZM-241385 on adenosine-induced antiadrenergic actions was abolished by the selective A1 receptor antagonist 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine (10(-7) M), but not the selective A3 receptor antagonist 3-ethyl-5-benzyl-2-methyl-4-phenylethynyl-6-phenyl-1, 4-(+/-)-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate (MRS-1191, 10(-7) M). The A2a receptor agonist carboxyethylphenethyl-aminoethyl-carboxyamido-adenosine (CGS-21680) at 10(-5) M attenuated the antiadrenergic effect of the selective A1 receptor agonist 2-chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA), whereas CSC did not influence the antiadrenergic action of this agonist. In isolated ventricular myocytes, CSC potentiated the inhibitory action of adenosine on Iso (2 x 10(-7) M)-elicited increases in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) transients but did not influence Iso-induced changes in [Ca2+]i transients in the absence of exogenous adenosine. These results indicate that adenosine A2a receptor antagonists enhance A1-receptor-induced antiadrenergic responses and that A2a receptor agonists attenuate (albeit to a modest degree) the antiadrenergic actions of A1 receptor activation. In conclusion, the data in this study support the notion that an important physiological role of A2a receptors in the normal mammalian myocardium is to reduce A1 receptor-mediated antiadrenergic actions.
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Citation: Am J Physiol. 1999 Feb;276(2 Pt 2):H341-9.