Adenosine mediates sustained adrenergic desensitization in the rat heart via activation of protein kinase C
Department of Physiology; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Adenosine; Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; Animals; Enzyme Activation; Heart; Male; Myocardium; Pericardium; Protein Kinase C; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Physiology
Adenosine attenuates the myocardial metabolic and contractile responses induced by ss-adrenergic stimulation. Our study was conducted to investigate the longevity of this antiadrenergic action after adenosine exposure. Adenosine (33 micromol/L) was infused into isolated perfused rat hearts for 1, 5, 30, or 60 minutes, and the adrenergic responsiveness (AR) to isoproterenol (10(-8) mol/L) was determined at the end of each infusion period and during a 45-minute adenosine washout period. Interstitial levels of adenosine, as determined from epicardial surface transudates, returned to preinfusion levels within 10 minutes of washout. The duration of adenosine infusion had no effect on the extent of attenuation of AR at the end of the infusion. Whereas AR returned to preadenosine levels with washout of shorter adenosine infusions (1 and 5 minutes), there was a slow and incomplete recovery of AR after the longer exposures (30 and 60 minutes) to adenosine. The magnitude of this persistent antiadrenergic effect (PAE) of adenosine at 15 minutes of washout was proportional to the epicardial concentration of adenosine during infusion of the nucleoside. Infusion of adenosine either with the nonselective adenosine receptor antagonist 8-p-sulfophenyl theophylline or with the selective A1-receptor antagonist 1,3-dipropyl, 8-cyclopentylxanthine, abolished the PAE during the washout period. In addition, the PAE could be demonstrated only with the selective A1-receptor agonist 2-chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine and not with the selective A3-receptor agonist 4-aminobenzyl-5'-N methylcarboxamido-adenosine. When the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor chelerythrine was coadministered with adenosine, the PAE of adenosine was not apparent during adenosine washout. A 30-minute infusion of phenylephrine, an alpha-adrenergic agonist that enhances PKC activity, produced a PAE that lasted for up to 30 minutes of washout. This effect was prevented by the coinfusion of chelerythrine. Thus, it is concluded that the PAE of adenosine is determined by the myocardial concentration of this nucleoside and is manifested when myocardial concentrations of adenosine returned to baseline levels. Moreover, a 5-minute duration of adenosine exposure is required for the expression of the PAE. This latter effect seems to be dependent on adenosine-induced PKC activation via A1-receptors.
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Citation: Circ Res. 1998 Oct 5;83(7):761-71.