Thoughts on aneuploidy
Program in Gene Function and Expression; Program in Molecular Medicine
Medical Subject Headings
*Aneuploidy; Animals; Chromosomes; Cycloheximide; Mice; Models, Biological; Neoplasms; Phenotype; Precancerous Conditions; Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Cell Biology | Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Genetics and Genomics | Molecular Biology | Molecular Genetics
Aneuploidy refers to karyotypic abnormalities characterized by gain or loss of individual chromosomes. This condition is associated with disease and death in all organisms in which it has been studied. We have characterized the effects of aneuploidy on yeast and primary mouse cells and found it to be detrimental at the cellular level. Furthermore, we find that aneuploid cells exhibit phenotypes consistent with increased energy need and proteotoxic stress. These observations, together with the finding that the additional chromosomes found in aneuploid cells are active, lead us to propose that aneuploidy causes an increased burden on protein synthesis and protein quality-control pathways and so induces an aneuploidy stress response.
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Citation: Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2010;75:445-51. doi: 10.1101/sqb.2010.75.025. Epub 2011 Feb 2. Link to article on publisher's site
Torres, Eduardo M.; Williams, Bret R.; Tang, Yun-Chi; and Amon, Angelika, "Thoughts on aneuploidy" (2011). Program in Gene Function and Expression Publications and Presentations. 220.