Title

Insights into social insects from the genome of the honeybee Apis mellifera

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Cell and Developmental Biology

Date

10-26-2006

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Base Composition; Bees; *Behavior, Animal; DNA Transposable Elements; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Gene Expression Regulation; Genes, Insect; Genome, Insect; Genomics; Immunity; Male; Molecular Sequence Data; Phylogeny; Physical Chromosome Mapping; Proteome; Reproduction; Signal Transduction; *Social Behavior; Telomere

Disciplines

Cell Biology | Developmental Biology | Ecology and Evolutionary Biology | Genomics | Molecular Biology | Molecular Genetics

Abstract

Here we report the genome sequence of the honeybee Apis mellifera, a key model for social behaviour and essential to global ecology through pollination. Compared with other sequenced insect genomes, the A. mellifera genome has high A+T and CpG contents, lacks major transposon families, evolves more slowly, and is more similar to vertebrates for circadian rhythm, RNA interference and DNA methylation genes, among others. Furthermore, A. mellifera has fewer genes for innate immunity, detoxification enzymes, cuticle-forming proteins and gustatory receptors, more genes for odorant receptors, and novel genes for nectar and pollen utilization, consistent with its ecology and social organization. Compared to Drosophila, genes in early developmental pathways differ in Apis, whereas similarities exist for functions that differ markedly, such as sex determination, brain function and behaviour. Population genetics suggests a novel African origin for the species A. mellifera and insights into whether Africanized bees spread throughout the New World via hybridization or displacement.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Nature. 2006 Oct 26;443(7114):931-49.

Comments

Full author list omitted for brevity. For the full list of authors, see article.

Peter Jones was a collaborator in the Honeybee Genome Sequencing Consortium.

At the time of publication, Peter Jones was not yet affiliated with the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

17073008