Treatment of leber congenital amaurosis due to RPE65 mutations by ocular subretinal injection of adeno-associated virus gene vector: short-term results of a phase I trial
Gene Therapy Center; Department of Pediatrics
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adult; Animals; Blindness; Carrier Proteins; Dark Adaptation; *Dependovirus; Eye Proteins; Female; Follow-Up Studies; *Gene Therapy; Genetic Diseases, Inborn; Genetic Vectors; Humans; Male; Mutation; Retina; *Vision, Ocular
Allergy and Immunology | Eye Diseases | Genetics and Genomics | Pediatrics
Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a group of autosomal recessive blinding retinal diseases that are incurable. One molecular form is caused by mutations in the RPE65 (retinal pigment epithelium-specific 65-kDa) gene. A recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 2 (rAAV2) vector, altered to carry the human RPE65 gene (rAAV2-CBSB-hRPE65), restored vision in animal models with RPE65 deficiency. A clinical trial was designed to assess the safety of rAAV2-CBSB-hRPE65 in subjects with RPE65-LCA. Three young adults (ages 21-24 years) with RPE65-LCA received a uniocular subretinal injection of 5.96 x 10(10) vector genomes in 150 microl and were studied with follow-up examinations for 90 days. Ocular safety, the primary outcome, was assessed by clinical eye examination. Visual function was measured by visual acuity and dark-adapted full-field sensitivity testing (FST); central retinal structure was monitored by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Neither vector-related serious adverse events nor systemic toxicities were detected. Visual acuity was not significantly different from baseline; one patient showed retinal thinning at the fovea by OCT. All patients self-reported increased visual sensitivity in the study eye compared with their control eye, especially noticeable under reduced ambient light conditions. The dark-adapted FST results were compared between baseline and 30-90 days after treatment. For study eyes, sensitivity increases from mean baseline were highly significant (p < 0.001); whereas, for control eyes, sensitivity changes were not significant (p = 0.99). Comparisons are drawn between the present work and two other studies of ocular gene therapy for RPE65-LCA that were carried out contemporaneously and reported.
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Citation: Hum Gene Ther. 2008 Oct;19(10):979-90. Link to article on publisher's site
Hauswirth, William W.; Aleman, Tomas S.; Kaushal, Shalesh; Cideciyan, Artur V.; Schwartz, Sharon B.; Wang, Lili; Conlon, Thomas J.; Boye, Sanford L.; Flotte, Terence R.; Bryne, Barry J.; and Jacobson, Samuel G., "Treatment of leber congenital amaurosis due to RPE65 mutations by ocular subretinal injection of adeno-associated virus gene vector: short-term results of a phase I trial" (2008). Pulmonary and Allergy. Paper 26.