Pediatric oncology in the third world
Department of Pediatrics
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Age of Onset; *Cancer Care Facilities; Child; Child Health Services; Child, Preschool; *Developing Countries; Health Resources; Health Services Accessibility; Health Services Needs and Demand; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; International Cooperation; Neoplasms; Pakistan
Hematology | Oncology | Pediatrics
With 90% of world children living in developing countries and a rising cancer incidence, the third world bears the greatest burden of pediatric cancer. Pediatric cancers today are highly treatable, but 80% of children with malignancies die because they live in the developing countries where access to medical care is inadequate. Pediatric cancer care is expensive and available at only a few centers, which deal with excessive patient numbers and are staffed by inadequate numbers of physicians and nurses. There are marked geographic variations in incidences and presentations observed in the spectrum of pediatric malignancies. Initiatives to improve cancer care include setting up worldwide pediatric care units; establishing standard guidelines for treating patients; undertaking research and lobbying international organizations like the World Health Organization, United Nations Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF), International Union Against Cancer (UICC), and the International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP); to make chemotherapy, supportive care drugs, and opioids for palliation uniformly available. New outreach training programs would alleviate manpower shortages by linking centers from the two world regions for training and facilitate collaboration with international organizations.
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Citation: Curr Opin Pediatr. 2001 Feb;13(1):1-9.