Title

Nephropathy in type 1 diabetes is associated with increased circulating activated platelets and platelet hyperreactivity

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pediatrics

Date

11-2009

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Blood Platelets; Case-Control Studies; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1; Diabetic Nephropathies; Female; Flow Cytometry; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Platelet Activation

Disciplines

Hematology | Oncology | Pediatrics

Abstract

Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have increased platelet activation compared to non-diabetic controls. Platelet hyperreactivity has been associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes in Type 2 DM, and with diabetic nephropathy. We investigated the relationship between platelet activation and nephropathy in Type 1 DM. Patients with Type 1 DM and diabetic nephropathy (n = 35), age- and sex-matched Type 1 DM patients with persistent normoalbuminuria (n = 51), and healthy age- and sex-matched controls (n = 30) were studied. Platelet surface P-selectin, platelet surface activated GPIIb/IIIa, monocyte-platelet aggregates (MPAs) and neutrophil-platelet aggregates (NPAs) were measured by whole blood flow cytometry as markers of platelet activation. Platelet reactivity was assessed in response to exogenously added ADP and thrombin receptor activating peptide (TRAP). Platelet surface P-selectin (basal and in response to 0.5 or 20 microM ADP) was higher in nephropathy patients compared with normoalbuminuric patients (P = 0.027), and non-diabetic controls (P = 0.0057). NPAs were higher in nephropathy patients compared to normoalbuminuric patients (P = 0.0088). MPAs were higher in nephropathy patients compared to non-diabetic controls (P = 0.0075). There were no differences between groups in activated GPIIb/IIIa or in response to TRAP at any end-point. More patients with nephropathy received aspirin (71.4%) compared to normoalbuminuric patients (27.4%) (P andlt; 0.0001). Type 1 diabetic nephropathy, as compared with normoalbuminuria, is associated with circulating activated platelets and platelet hyperreactivity to ADP, despite the confounding variable of more nephropathy patients receiving aspirin. This platelet activation is likely to contribute to the known increased risk of cardiovascular events in patients with diabetic nephropathy.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Platelets. 2009 Nov;20(7):513-9. doi 10.3109/09537100903221001

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID

19852691