Pharmacodynamic effect and clinical efficacy of clopidogrel and prasugrel with or without a proton-pump inhibitor: an analysis of two randomised trials
Department of Pediatrics
Medical Subject Headings
Acute Coronary Syndrome; Aged; Cardiovascular Diseases; Drug Interactions; Drug Therapy, Combination; Female; Humans; Kaplan-Meier Estimate; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Piperazines; Platelet Aggregation; Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors; Proportional Hazards Models; Proton Pump Inhibitors; Pyridines; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Risk Factors; Thiophenes; Ticlopidine; Treatment Outcome
Hematology | Oncology | Pediatrics
BACKGROUND: Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) are often prescribed in combination with thienopyridines. Conflicting data exist as to whether PPIs diminish the efficacy of clopidogrel. We assessed the association between PPI use, measures of platelet function, and clinical outcomes for patients treated with clopidogrel or prasugrel.
METHODS: In the PRINCIPLE-TIMI 44 trial, the primary outcome was inhibition of platelet aggregation at 6 h assessed by light-transmission aggregometry. In the TRITON-TIMI 38 trial, the primary endpoint was the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. In both studies, PPI use was at physician's discretion. We used a multivariable Cox model with propensity score to assess the association of PPI use with clinical outcomes.
FINDINGS: In the PRINCIPLE-TIMI 44 trial, 201 patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention were randomly assigned to prasugrel (n=102) or high-dose clopidogrel (n=99). Mean inhibition of platelet aggregation was significantly lower for patients on a PPI than for those not on a PPI at 6 h after a 600 mg clopidogrel loading dose (23.2+/-19.5% vs 35.2+/-20.9%, p=0.02), whereas a more modest difference was seen with and without a PPI after a 60 mg loading dose of prasugrel (69.6+/-13.5% vs 76.7+/-12.4%, p=0.054). In the TRITON-TIMI 38 trial, 13,608 patients with an acute coronary syndrome were randomly assigned to prasugrel (n=6813) or clopidogrel (n=6795). In this study, 33% (n=4529) of patients were on a PPI at randomisation. No association existed between PPI use and risk of the primary endpoint for patients treated with clopidogrel (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.94, 95% CI 0.80-1.11) or prasugrel (1.00, 0.84-1.20).
INTERPRETATION: The current findings do not support the need to avoid concomitant use of PPIs, when clinically indicated, in patients receiving clopidogrel or prasugrel.
FUNDING: Daiichi Sankyo Company Limited and Eli Lilly and Company sponsored the trials. This analysis had no funding.
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Citation: Lancet. 2009 Sep 19;374(9694):989-97. Epub 2009 Aug 31. doi 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61525-7