Title

Is it a primary or metastatic melanocytic neoplasm of the central nervous system?: A molecular based approach

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pathology

Date

11-1-2013

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Central Nervous System Neoplasms; DNA Mutational Analysis; Diagnosis, Differential; Humans; Male; Melanocytes; Melanoma; Middle Aged

Disciplines

Neoplasms | Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms | Pathology

Abstract

Primary melanocytic neoplasms of the central nervous system (CNS) are uncommon and must be distinguished from metastatic lesions as patients with metastatic disease carry a worse prognosis. Therefore, tools to aid in the diagnosis of a primary CNS melanocytic neoplasm would be of clinical utility. Primary CNS melanocytic neoplasms, including uveal melanomas have frequent mutations in GNAQ and GNA11, but are rare in cutaneous and mucosal melanomas. Additionally, primary uveal melanomas often exhibit monosomy 3 conferring an elevated risk of metastasis. We present a 63 year-old male with a melanocytic neoplasm in the thoracic spinal cord. Molecular studies revealed the tumor contained a GNAQ mutation and four-color fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) composed of chromosome enumeration probes for 3, 7, 17 and a locus specific probe for 9p21/CDKN2A yielded a normal result (i.e. two copies per cell), favoring a primary versus metastatic melanocytic neoplasm of the CNS. We report a case in which the combination of mutational analysis and FISH aided in identifying the origin of the neoplasm.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Pathol Int. 2013 Nov;63(11):559-64. doi: 10.1111/pin.12107. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Keywords

GNA11 mutation, GNAQ mutation, melanocytoma, metastatic melanoma, primary CNS melanocytic neoplasm, urovysion

PubMed ID

24274719