Factors Associated With Early Improvement in Low Back Pain After Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Multi-Center Prospective Cohort Analyses
Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center
Clinical Epidemiology | Health Services Research | Musculoskeletal Diseases | Orthopedics | Rehabilitation and Therapy
This study identified factors associated with an improvement in low back pain (LBP) at six-month follow-up after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Data from a national registry of 3054 patients were analyzed. Factors under analysis included demographics, comorbid conditions, operative and nonoperative joint pain severity, physical function, and mental health. Differences in these factors between patients with and without improvement in LBP were examined. Among patients reporting severe or moderate LBP preoperatively, 56% improved 6months after surgery. Patients without improvement were more likely to be on Medicare, have a high school education or less, have household income less than $45,000 and have one or more comorbid conditions. Patients with improvement in LBP experienced more resolution of pain in both the operative and nonoperative hip.
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Citation: J Arthroplasty. 2016 Jan;31(1):176-9. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2015.07.028.
joint replacement, low back pain, osteoarthritis, outcomes, total hip arthroplasty
Chimenti, Peter C.; Drinkwater, Christopher J.; Li, Wenjun; Lemay, Celeste A.; Franklin, Patricia D.; and O'Keefe, Regis J., "Factors Associated With Early Improvement in Low Back Pain After Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Multi-Center Prospective Cohort Analyses" (2016). Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations. 174.