Engraftment of human HSCs in nonirradiated newborn NOD-scid IL2rgamma null mice is enhanced by transgenic expression of membrane-bound human SCF
Program in Molecular Medicine; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Department of Surgery
Medical Subject Headings
Animals; Animals, Newborn; Cell Differentiation; Cell Separation; Flow Cytometry; Hematopoietic Stem Cells; Humans; Mice; Mice, Inbred NOD; Mice, SCID; *Mice, Transgenic; Stem Cell Factor; Transplantation Chimera; Transplantation Tolerance
Cell and Developmental Biology | Immunology and Infectious Disease
Immunodeficient mice engrafted with human HSCs support multidisciplinary translational experimentation, including the study of human hematopoiesis. Heightened levels of human HSC engraftment are observed in immunodeficient mice expressing mutations in the IL2-receptor common gamma chain (IL2rg) gene, including NOD-scid IL2rgamma(null) (NSG) mice. Engraftment of human HSC requires preconditioning of immunodeficient recipients, usually with irradiation. Such preconditioning increases the expression of stem cell factor (SCF), which is critical for HSC engraftment, proliferation, and survival. We hypothesized that transgenic expression of human membrane-bound stem cell factor Tg(hu-mSCF)] would increase levels of human HSC engraftment in nonirradiated NSG mice and eliminate complications associated with irradiation. Surprisingly, detectable levels of human CD45(+) cell chimerism were observed after transplantation of cord blood-derived human HSCs into nonirradiated adult as well as newborn NSG mice. However, transgenic expression of human mSCF enabled heightened levels of human hematopoietic cell chimerism in the absence of irradiation. Moreover, nonirradiated NSG-Tg(hu-mSCF) mice engrafted as newborns with human HSCs rejected human skin grafts from a histoincompatible donor, indicating the development of a functional human immune system. These data provide a new immunodeficient mouse model that does not require irradiation preconditioning for human HSC engraftment and immune system development.
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Citation: Blood. 2012 Mar 22;119(12):2778-88. doi: 10.1182/blood-2011-05-353243. Link to article on publisher's site