A phase II study of docetaxel in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian and peritoneal carcinoma: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Aged; Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; Drug Resistance, Neoplasm; Female; Humans; Middle Aged; Ovarian Neoplasms; Paclitaxel; Peritoneal Neoplasms; *Taxoids
Obstetrics and Gynecology
OBJECTIVES: Docetaxel is an inhibitor of microtubule depolymerization and has demonstrated activity in paclitaxel-resistant breast cancer and gynecologic cancer. The Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) conducted a study of docetaxel in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian and peritoneal carcinoma to determine its activity, and nature and degree of toxicity, in this cohort of patients.
METHODS: Patients with platinum- and paclitaxel-resistant ovarian or peritoneal carcinoma, defined as progression while on or within 6 months of therapy, were eligible if they had measurable disease and had not received more than one chemotherapy regimen. Docetaxel at a dose of 100 mg/m(2) was administered iv over 1 h every 21 days. A prophylactic regimen of oral dexamethasone 8 mg bid was begun 24 h before docetaxel administration and continued for 48 h thereafter. Hepatic function was strictly monitored.
RESULTS: Sixty patients were entered and treated with a total of 256 courses, with all 60 evaluable for toxicity and 58 evaluable for response. Responses were observed in 22.4% of patients, with 5.2% achieving complete response and 17.2% achieving partial response (95% CI, 12.5-35.3%). The median duration of response was 2.5 months. The likelihood of observing a response did not appear to be related to the length of the prior paclitaxel-free interval or duration of prior paclitaxel infusions. The principal adverse effect of grade 4 neutropenia occurred in 75% of patients. There was one treatment-related death. Dose reductions were required in 36% of patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Docetaxel is active in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian and peritoneal cancer but, in view of significant hematologic toxicity, further study is warranted to ascertain its optimal dose and schedule.
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Citation: Gynecol Oncol. 2003 Feb;88(2):130-5.