Common problems of urination in nonpregnant women: causes, current management, and prevention strategies

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology



Document Type


Medical Subject Headings

Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Behavior Therapy; Drinking; Exercise Therapy; Female; Humans; Middle Aged; Muscarinic Antagonists; Pessaries; Postmenopause; Urinary Incontinence; Urination Disorders


Obstetrics and Gynecology


This article uses a case-based approach to review common problems of urination in nonpregnant women, including overactive bladder; stress, urge, and mixed incontinence; and retention and prolapse. Up-to-date clinical issues related to assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up are reviewed, with a discussion of underlying pathophysiology and prevention strategies. Suggestions are made for relevant curriculum content at both the basic and advanced levels of advanced practice education.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: J Midwifery Womens Health. 2006 May-Jun;51(3):159-73. Link to article on publisher's site

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Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID