Common problems of urination in nonpregnant women: causes, current management, and prevention strategies
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Behavior Therapy; Drinking; Exercise Therapy; Female; Humans; Middle Aged; Muscarinic Antagonists; Pessaries; Postmenopause; Urinary Incontinence; Urination Disorders
Obstetrics and Gynecology
This article uses a case-based approach to review common problems of urination in nonpregnant women, including overactive bladder; stress, urge, and mixed incontinence; and retention and prolapse. Up-to-date clinical issues related to assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up are reviewed, with a discussion of underlying pathophysiology and prevention strategies. Suggestions are made for relevant curriculum content at both the basic and advanced levels of advanced practice education.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: J Midwifery Womens Health. 2006 May-Jun;51(3):159-73. Link to article on publisher's site