A kindred with a variant of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 demonstrating frequent expression of pituitary tumors but not linked to the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 locus at chromosome region 11q13
Endocrinology Laboratory; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Acromegaly; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; *Chromosome Mapping; *Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11; Female; Humans; Linkage (Genetics); Male; Middle Aged; Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1; Pedigree; Pituitary Neoplasms
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Acromegaly is uncommon in kindreds with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), whereas primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) has the highest penetrance of any endocrinopathy. We report an unusual MEN1 kindred with frequent expression of pituitary tumors and a low penetrance of PHP. Four members were found to have disease: PHP in generation I, acromegaly (2 cases) in generation II, and hyperprolactinemia associated with a pituitary tumor in generation III. There was no evidence for PHP in 1 patient with acromegaly (age 60 yr), the patient with hyperprolactinemia and the pituitary tumor (age 22 yr), and 1 asymptomatic obligate carrier (age 50 yr). Screening of 26 members revealed the possible diagnosis of PHP in 1 family member in generation II and possible early acromegaly in 2 members of generation III with elevated serum concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 but normal patterns of pulsatile GH release. Although the predisposing genetic defect in typical MEN1 families has previously been mapped to chromosome location 11q13 without evidence of heterogeneity among the 87 families analyzed, linkage of disease in this family to the MEN1 region is unlikely based on haplotype analysis. Localization of the gene(s) responsible for disease in such atypical families may aid in the understanding of the pathogenesis of MEN1. In addition, further study of the earliest changes in patterns of pulsatile GH release in familial acromegaly may allow more insight into the pathogenesis and natural history of this disease.
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Citation: J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997 Feb;82(2):486-92.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Stock, John L.; Warth, Maria R.; Teh, Bin Tean; Coderre, James A.; Overdorf, Judith H.; Baumann, Gerhard; Hintz, Raymond L.; Hartman, Mark L.; Seizinger, Bernd R.; Larsson, Catharina; and Aronin, Neil, "A kindred with a variant of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 demonstrating frequent expression of pituitary tumors but not linked to the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 locus at chromosome region 11q13" (1997). Open Access Articles. 986.